Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Sunday, December 9, 2012

The Men in Titanic's Belly

The men that were in the very bottom of the ship didn't have the most glamorous jobs and in fact were some of the lowest payed crewmembers on board.  However, their jobs were important because they kept the ship going. The men working below consisted or coal trimmers (they brought coal to the stokers), stokers (they put coal into the boilers), firemen, engineers, etc.  They rarely saw daylight during the voyages and when ships began sinking, they were the ones that were most affected.  On the Titanic, understandably, few of these of these men survived.

On April 15, 1912, the Bridge called the Engine Room about 2 seconds to before the iceberg struck to give them orders.  The orders came too late and they struck the iceberg.  The engines stopped two minutes after that.  The engines were turned back on again and went slow astern for some unknown reason and then stopped for the last time.  When the Titanic hit the iceberg, the crew down below were not aware of what was going on up top, so but there were ways of communicating the danger to them.

There was a sign on the Bridge which said that in case of emergency, they were to ring the bell for ten seconds which would give the men down there a chance to get out.  After ten seconds, then they would lower the watertight doors.  I believe they did follow this based on the survivor's testimonies. Lead Fireman Fred Barrett who was in Boiler Room 6 (the first boiler room from the bow) said, "I was standing talking to the second engineer. The bell rang, the red light showed."  The bell and light were activated by 1st Officer Murdoch who was on the Bridge and giving orders, trying to avoid the iceberg and preparing for a possible impact.  After this, Barrett said, "We sang out shut the doors (indicating the ash doors to the furnaces) and there was a crash just as we sung out."  This was done because the water was freezing cold.  You could put your hand on the hull while it was very hot in the boiler room and the wall would be cold.  When icy water comes in and you have boilers which are extremely hot with pressure in the boilers, the boilers are likely to explode.  As they were doing this, water came in.  When he was asked about the extent of the damage, Barrett said, "Past the bulkhead between sections 5 and 6, and it was a hole 2 feet into the coal bunkers. She was torn through No. 6 and also through 2 feet abaft the bulkhead in the bunker at the forward head of No.5 section."  

The actual impact of the iceberg was felt by most of those down below, but how much they felt it depended on where they were.  Trimmer Thomas Dillon who was in the Engine Room said that the collision was felt slightly by him while Fireman George Beauchamp who was in a boiler room near where the iceberg struck said that it sounded like the roar of thunder.  Trimmer George Cavell who was in Boiler Room No. 4 said, "I felt a shock...and with that all the coal round me fell around me. I had a job to get out myself."  The iceberg opened the seams between the plates in many places for 5 bulkheads.  We know this because when Barrett was asked about where the water came from, he replied, "About 2 feet above the floor plates, starboard side."  Two feet  above the floor was a seam where the rivets held the plates of the hull together.  A later expedition which showed us exactly where the iceberg damage was showed several different gashes in the hull.

The bulkheads were thick steel walls that contained water if a collision happened.  In that event, the doors would be shut and the bulkheads would keep the water from getting to other places in the ship.  As soon as the water started flooding, the men in the bow rushed to get out of there before the watertight doors shut.  The watertight doors could be shut manually either from down below (which could only be done with the permission of the officer on watch) or by flipping a switch on the bridge.  The doors also had floats which would shut the doors automatically if water entered the area.  The switch was flipped on the bridge and the doors began to shut almost as soon as the water started cascading into the boiler room.

Fred Barrett got through the watertight door and up to the catwalks which overlooked the boiler rooms where he saw Boiler Room 6 and the adjacent room, Boiler Room 5.  In the Engine Room, when the ship struck the iceberg some engineers sensing the possible danger rushed to their stations at the water pumps.  Just then, the electricity went out and he was sent to find a lamp.  We know that the power also went out in Boiler Room No. 4 because George Cavell in the British Inquiry said,

      Cavell:  "After I came into the stokehold the lights in the stokehold went out."
      The Commisioner:  :In No. 4?
Cavell:  "Yes."
The Commisioner:  "Did that happen at once or was there a little time before that happened?"
Cavell:  "It happened as soon as I got into the stokehold."
The Commisioner:  "Out went the lights?
  Cavell:  "Yes."  
Barrett was likely able to see only by the fires in the boilers, but he got the lamps and some firemen, and an engineer that were still there noticed that the water wasn't up to the fires in the boilers which were still going.  The engineer ordered Barrett to get some firemen and get the fires drawn (put them out).  He got about 15 and they worked to get the fires out in order to prevent boiler explosions.  This action likely prevented the panic and deaths of many people.  Cavell also went up to the next floor to get lamps.  It was lit up there and he got the lamps.  When he returned, Boiler Room No. 4's lights were on again.  
In the Engine Room, Chief Engineer Joseph Bell gave the order to open the watertight doors.  The watertight doors, as I said earlier, could be opened from below and Thomas Dillon and several others entered the next compartment which Boiler Room No. 1 (the boiler room closest to the Engine Room).  That one did not have any lit boilers, so they went to the next boiler room, Boiler Room No. 2 which did have lit boilers and the men there given the orders to "keep the steam up".  George Beauchamp was one of those men called by Barrett to help draw the fires in Boiler Room No. 5.  When they had gotten most of the fires out, someone shouted, "that will do".  In Boiler Room No. 4, Cavell and his fellow crewmembers got some of the 30 furnaces drawn when water started seeping in.  Cavell decided that it was time to leave and went up the escape ladder.  He went as far as the hallway on the next level and saw nobody.  Assuming that everything was all right, he went back down and found nobody there.  He went back up again and headed for the Boat Deck.  

While Barrett and Beauchamp were trying to draw the fires in the boilers, the mail clerks were fighting a huge battle.  The water had entered the mail room and the clerks which were in charge of the mail tried desperately to save as much of the mail as possible.  In doing so, they dragged these bags each weighing about 100 lbs up to the next levels, staying at least one step ahead of the water.  In the end, their noble efforts were in vain and none of them unfortunately survived.

Meanwhile, high on the top decks, extra steam from the boilers shot up from the funnels, creating a deafening roar.  This made it hard for those working with the lifeboats to hear or even think.  As they began to load and lower the lifeboat however, the steam stopped.

Eventually, the men in Boiler Room No. 2 were ordered to draw the fires when it became clear that the ship was sinking.  After they were finished with Boiler Room No. 2, they went on to the next one, Boiler Room No. 3 and drew the fires there and continued on, drawing the fires until they reached Boiler Room No. 4 which was filling with water.  They did not enter Boiler Room No. 5 because there was water flooding that compartment as well.  While they were working their way forward, the men working in Boiler Room No. 5 after having spent about a quarter of an hour putting out the fires and when they were released, they made their way to the Boat Deck which was the top deck.  Both Fred Barrett and George Beauchamp made it to Boat No. 13.  They almost didn't survive even after that however, because they drifted under Boat No. 15 which was being lowered right on them.  Barrett and another man got out their pocket knives and cut the ropes.  Boat No. 13 got away and got out from under it just in time, thankfully.

In Boiler Room No. 4, Cavell and his fellow crewmembers got some of the 30 furnaces drawn when water started seeping in.  Cavell decided that it was time to leave and went up the escape ladder.  He went as far as the hallway on the next level and saw nobody.  Assuming that everything was all right, he went back down and found nobody there.  He went back up again and headed for the Boat Deck.  When he arrived, he and 5 firemen were ordered into Boat No. 15 to assist with rowing.  This was the same boat that almost crushed Boat No. 13 which had Fred Barrett and George Beauchamp.

After Thomas Dillon and the 7 other men working with him had stopped at Boiler Room No. 4 and drawn the fires, they went back the way they came through the watertight doors which they left open and went through the Engine Room towards the top deck.  Thomas Dillon made it up to the Well Deck and then went up to the Boat Deck where they saw the last lifeboat being lowered.  Realizing that it was too late to enter a lifeboat, they went back to the Well Deck and then to the Poop Deck where many of the men that worked down below including Thomas Dillon and a trimmer named James Dawson chose to ride out the ship's final moments.

Down below, there were still men in Titanic's belly.  Engineers who had been released to save themselves stayed down below and kept the power going which stayed on until 2 minutes before the ship went completely under.  We know that they stayed below because we have several accounts of the lights dimming and then coming on which means the engineers were doing what they could to keep the power on as long as possible.  There were also possible others fighting the attempting to control the rising water with pumps.  The survivors reported the ship leaning from one side to the other which may indicate engineers choosing to stay below and work the pumps, getting the ship to flood evenly on both sides to keep the ship from capsizing (it is a miracle she didn't capsize because the almost every other large ship from the Britannic to the Costa Concordia that has sunk did tip over).

While Thomas Dillon and his fellow crewmemebers were waiting for the ship to sink, they took off their boots which were heavy and would make it hard for them to swim.  The stern rose up and then the ship broke up causing the stern to fall back down.  The stern then keeled over to Port which caused most of the engineers to fall.  Thomas Dillon pushed himself away from the deck and allowed himself to fall into the water.  As soon as he was at the surface, he swam away until he became unconscious.  He was later picked up by Boat No. 4.

I hope the bravery of these men inspire you.  These guys had a hard job and weren't even paid well.  And yet they stayed below in the belly of a sinking leviathan, fighting to keep the ship alive and more importantly acting self-sacrificially sometimes with their only thoughts being the safety of the rest of the passengers and crew on the top decks.

Thursday, November 29, 2012

Book Review: The Band That Played On

I don't think I've read a more thoroughly researched book on a group of people like Titanic's orchestra than "The Band That Played On: The Extraordinary Story of the 8 Bandmembers That Went Down with the Titanic " by Steve Turner.  Mr. Turner had very good luck in researching for his book because all these little details that are only known by handful of people in the world such as town historians and the descendants of those who were with bandmembers.  Reading the book allows you to get to know each of the members of her infamous orchestra fairly well and offers possible glimpses on what motivated them to stay back and play music while the lifeboats were loaded and lowered right in front of them.  You are also transported back in time to the glory days of trans-Atlantic travel and the life of musician during the early 1900s as they travel on different ships and play with different orchestra.  I give it 4 out of 5 stars simply because it can get boring at times.  It's still well written and very informative if you wanted a book that would take you back in time to the life of a musician at that time.

The links below will show you where you may purchase the book if you're interested:



Saturday, October 20, 2012

Titanic: Blood and Steel Review

Titanic: Blood and Steel is a 12 part series released this year.  It follows Dr. Mark Muir, a metologist as he experiments with the metals being used to construct the Titanic.  In the process, he meets and falls in love with Sofia Silvestri, an Italian that moved to Belfast, Ireland, and witnesses the social problems going on at that time.  In terms of accuracy, it has its moments.  There are times where I would almost cringe like when Andrews mentioned that the Titanic could hold 4,000 people (she had the capacity for 3,000), early on the Olympic was seeming launched before the Titanic's keel was laid down (Olympic was begun first but was pretty much built alongside the Titanic for most of the Titanic's construction), Ismay came on as the an unbelievable snob (he was in reality proud of his ships but wasn't as greedy as he portrayed), and J.P. Morgan was shown as being in New York (J.P. was in Europe and originally booked passage on the Titanic).  They did try to be somewhat accurate and it isn't too bad.  It's clear they used some archival photographs of the construction as the basis for some scenes and sets and it pretty good in that regard.  The only area of the sets where I must complain is the brief shot of the interior at  the end.  It is clearly an old English home and bears no resemblance to the Titanic.

The story is rather interesting and is a lot to take in when you watch all the episodes without many breaks as I did.  The story deals with the consequences of sex outside of marriage (two of the characters have children with women who are not their wives) which I liked.  It's viewed as if it's harmless, but the lasting impact was big in the long run.  However, they don't seem repentant.  However, it does teach a lesson that needs to be learned nowadays and that is that a child needs a mother and a father.  The series is adamant on that point which I thought was good.  It also deals with the social issues such Protestants vs. Catholics, Women's Rights, Unionists vs. Nationalists, some class warfare, and the Home Rule bill.  A lot was going on during that time and Ireland was in a huge political struggle before WWI.

I thought that the officers of Harland and Wolff were portrayed well.  I don't know much about all of them, but based on what I know of what happened during the construction, I thought it went on well.  I do know a little of Lord Pirrie and more about Thomas Andrews and I thought they were portrayed excellently. Lord Pirrie was a man who was sympathetic with the voice of the public and Thomas Andrews was a man who was obsessed with shipbuilding and took every possible action to ensure that his ships were safe and his passengers were comfortable.  However, one thing I loved about this series is that everybody was human.  No one was perfect and with most of the people you had things you liked and disliked about them.  Even with those that were portrayed very negatively, you could at least see where they were coming from and not completely hate them.   

The Titanic herself was for the most part the stage for everything.  I thought the computer animation was great and the shots were awesome, but Titanic was just a thing you see in the background of this drama unfolding.

I loved how the class warfare was portrayed.  To be sure, there was some tension between rich and poor but it wasn't all an out war like some people would have you believe.  It was more of an unspoken uprising of the lower class against the upper class.  I also thought that the way in which they portrayed struggle between Unionist and Nationalists and Protestants and Catholics was good.  As a Protestant Christian, I'm ashamed of the way they treated the Catholics.  However, I must say that it only showed a few good Protestants (like Pirrie and Andrews) as opposed to the portrayal of nearly all the Catholics as good people. Most of the Protestants were shown as snobby and discriminatory against the Catholics.

I was disappointed that they didn't show the Guarantee Group aside from Thomas Andrews.  There was a young man who seemingly represented Alfred Cunningham but other than that, they didn't show them.  It would have been nice because all these people could have worked with Dr. Muir as he experimented with the steel or been in involved with the social issues.  They could have even had Roderick Chisolm help work out the tension between the Germans and Irish while they were using a German crane during the construction.  The fact there was little mention of the Guarantee Group was a disappointment to me.  

I give this movie 3 out of 5 stars.  The movie was great as far as visual affects and its portrayal of most of the characters, but I thought they could have done more with the actual story instead of going with a lot of made up things.

Sunday, July 1, 2012

Titanic At 100: Mystery Solved

Titanic At 100: Mystery Solved was a very interesting documentary if you're interested in the technical side of the ship.  This is from the 2010 expedition in which a number of top researchers and oceanographers go the wreck site.  Unlike most of the previous expeditions, this wasn't one in which they visit the popular sites on the Bow and retell the stories.  This expedition instead had a mission to do something that needed to be done, but had never been done before.  The Titanic had broken up, but the researchers didn't know what exactly happened during the final moments.  So, they sent machines down there that mapped out a 15 mile area around the wreck.  Only some of the wreck had been found and they were treating this like an airplane crash site.  Basically they wanted to map out the entire wreck and determine where everything was so that they could determine how the pieces got there and ultimately what exactly happened during those final dark moments when the Titanic disappeared for many years.  The expedition did what they set out to do and produced images of the wreck.  Then, they sent a robot that could be controlled from the surface and got close images of what they couldn't identify.  Then, the researchers used that information and were able to find out what happened and in the mean time, some of them finally debunked that confounded theory that the rivets being weak sank the Titanic.  The conclusions were very interesting to see and watch as they brought to life the final moments that had been a mystery for nearly 100 years.

I found it to be a different and in some ways emotional documentary that held my interest to the end.  I  did find however that the narrator's voice was robot-like and very annoying.  I also felt that while the debunking of the weak rivet theory was interesting, it seemed like it was added to stir up controversy and drama.  That actually could've been a documentary on it's own.  Another thing I noticed even though they didn't say so was that they debunked Robert Lang's (who by the way was a member of the expedition) theory that the expansion joint (a part of the ship used for stabilizing the ship during rough weather) contributed to the break up.

I give this movie 4 stars out of 5.

For more information, here is a visual interpretation done by Parks Stephenson (one of the leading experts on the expedition) of the results:


Tuesday, June 5, 2012

James Cameron's Final Word

James Cameron's Final Word is an interesting film in which a number of notable historians and experts get together and piece together what exactly happened in Titanic's final moments.  The results were fascinating, even though I disagree with one or two points.  One heated debate is the angle of the ship during the break up.  Well they found out that the Titanic couldn't have been more than 23 degrees in the air before breaking.  That puts a bullet near the heart of the theory that the Titanic was at a 45 degree angle which some survivors said it was at.  The survivors aren't unanimous and in fact are all over the place regarding the angle of the ship when she broke up which makes it quite confusing.  It also went through what happened after she disappeared beneath the waves and how certain pieces got into the places and positions that they are today at the bottom.  The only thing I disagreed with was that it came to almost a 90 degree angle at the very end.  I think more of the ship was out of the water because some of the survivors said it became almost perpendicular and then slid beneath the waves, settling back as she went.  Cameron also came out with an interesting and I think very likely theory as to what happened in the break up, explaining the pieces of double bottom found far from the wreck.  Cameron's opinion seemed at times to be the only one that mattered and unless people came up with undeniable evidence, their opinions as to what happened seemed to be bunk.  All in all however, it was excellent and enjoyable until the end when James Cameron ruined it for me by going off on his class warfare, Marxist, global warming  beliefs using the Titanic as an example.  If he'd kept that out, I would've given it 4 out of 5 stars.  I give it 3 stars out of 5.

Here's the final conclusion to the film:

Monday, June 4, 2012

Locked Below?

It is a popular thing in movies about the Titanic to show the poor 3rd class passengers trapped behind locked gates while 1st and 2nd class passengers make their way to the lifeboats.  However, testimonies and observations of the blueprints as well as the wreck itself prove otherwise.  The only gates we know of that would hinder 3rd class passengers from getting up to the Boat Deck were waist high at the top of stairs.  One was towards the bow and one was towards the stern.  We know for a fact that the one towards the bow was locked and the stewards attempted to keep the Steerage passengers down because of Daniel Buckley's testimony but they eventually were able to get through.  Another thing that may have prevented Steerage from reaching the Boat Deck was error on the part of the crew.  Lightoller was afraid the boats would buckle and split and so he intended to lower the boats into the sea partially full and then fill them up when they were in the water from the gangway doors.  He in fact sent men down to open the gangway doors.  The passengers got wind of it and waited to board in the lower decks.  For several reasons this never happened and valuable time and seats were lost.  What mainly killed the Steerage passengers was the enormity of the ship.  They had 2.40 hours to to get to the Boat Deck from the lower decks of a 9 story sinking ship with an increasing tilt, panicking passengers, and rising water.  They had less than that actually because at first they were told to wait for orders.  Most didn't reach the Boat Deck until either the last lifeboats were about to be launched or it was too late.  The plight of 3rd class is not as well understood because their stories were not as valuable to the inquiries and press as the 1st and 2nd class passengers were.  Lightoller said what caused so many deaths in 3rd class was because they were forgotten.  I think that's absolutely true.  On the Boat Deck it was "Women and Children First" but below the decks it was survival of the fittest.  The officers mainly cared about loading and lowering the lifeboats and Captain Smith was focused on getting rescue ships to come.  The only parts of the crew that actually thought about getting the 3rd class passengers (some of whom couldn't even read the signs because of their being from different countries) were the 3rd class stewards.  Several bravely went down to the lower decks of the sinking Titanic, guiding them up to the Boat Deck and then going back down for more.

Friday, April 27, 2012

Act Like Men

There has finally been a Christian film made about the Titanic! It's called "Act Like Men" and it deals with how men ought to put women and children first and how it's relevant today. It in fact wonderfully shows how it's essential to Christianity. It interviews a number of qualified pastors and a respected Christian historian and it shows how the "women and children first" principle is biblical. The quality of the pictures and the way in which some of the photographs are made to look 3D are well done. I didn't find any historical inaccuracies throughout the film and they really did their research in making it. I highly recommend this to anyone aspiring to be a biblical man or for a woman wanting to know what to look for in a potential husband. The people that made the film are good quality men, wanting to impact the culture for God's glory. God speed them on their way.

Thursday, April 26, 2012

Last Signals

There is a new independent movie out called the "Last Signals" which deals with the two Marconi Operators, Harold Bride and Jack Phillips and is becoming popular among the Titanic community. This film is the result of years of research and study. It is based off the accounts of Harold Bride, the only survivor of the two. It's in black and white, but don't be turned off by that if you don't like those types of movies. It's actually is a plus because it enabled them to use actual photographs of the Titanic and Carpathia and then bring them to life and gives the historical feel like A Night To Remember. The story begins in Belfast just before the ship goes on her sea trials and goes all the way through to Harold Bride's arrival to New York on the Carpathia. The set is impressively recreated and painstakingly accurate. While there are a few inaccuracies throughout the film in the set and a tiny bit in actions, they are fewer than even A Night To Remember and some are hardly noticeable. The story also goes based on research done by the director Tom Lynskey and shows that Harold Bride's starting to suffer from P.T.S.D. which wasn't known of at the time but research shows clearly that Bride clearly suffered from it throughout his life after the disaster. It is shown in greater detail in a longer version. Another good touch was the explosion of the engines which the wreck showed evidence of when the room was explored by James Cameron on his final dive. Some of the dialogue is taken from Harold Bride's account and I admire the close research put into it especially when Bride's accounts contradict themselves which makes it harder to discern truth from fiction. The film does have a little bit of mild language throughout it, but these are words that from Bride's accounts used in the real event. If you're a perfectionist regarding films, you may be bothered by a lack of continuity (such as hair length and style) or the superimposing of the characters using green screen which is easily distinguished but otherwise these things aren't very noticeable and remember that this is a low budget film. Hollywood didn't make this thankfully. If it'd been Hollywood, Harold Bride would've probably been falling in love with one of the maids or something where you have romance in the midst of a historical tragedy, a popular theme with movies about historical disasters. Instead, this film relied strictly based on accounts, research and evidence of what really happened. One thing which I find cool is that they had an original plate from the R.M.S. Carpathia in some of the Carpathia scenes that was probably eaten off by real Titanic survivors. The china and buttons are exact replicas and they built replicas of the engines in the Silent Room based off information received from museums and experts. The soundtrack was hauntingly beautiful and well done. The acting was very good and the English accents were believable, particularly that of Jake Swing who plays Harold Bride. I loved how Captain Smith was portrayed, particularly since the most recent films show him as overly incompetent. He was indeed in shock, but he still was taking charge and doing what he could to reach other ships which is shown in the film. The depictions of the officers was good as well and the fight with the stoker was well reconstructed from Bride's account. I loved how the scenes on Collapsible B during the final moments of the Titanic worked around the break up. Harold Bride didn't see the break up and so what Lynskey did was had Bride staring at a body floating by when the ship's lights went out. The break up happened right after that. You hear the ship tear apart, but it's not shown because this is from Bride's perspective who didn't see it. The next scene shows the stern making her final plunge into the sea which you can make out because of the stars and the light on the mast. I give this move 10 stars out of 10 because of historical accuracy, attention to detail, good acting, and quite frankly I liked seeing the Titanic portrayed by herself for the first time on film. It was in my opinion very well done and I'd recommend it along with A Night To Remember as the most historically accurate depictions of the Titanic made so far. Here's the shorter version on YouTube: Last Signals

Tuesday, April 24, 2012

What I Did For The 100th Anniversary of the Sinking of the Titanic

My parents encourage my passion for the Titanic. Well, last Saturday my Mother and I went to the exhibit in Atlantic Station. The experience was moving. When you walk in you're given a boarding pass with the information of a real passenger. Rev. John Harper was my character and Edwina Troutt was my Mom's. I knew from the start my person died and my Mom's survived. We went dressed in period costume with myself dressed as an officer. We almost felt like celebrities with people stopping us, wanting to take our picture. At the beginning, they took our pictures in front of green screen. We were super-imposed onto a colored picture of the Grand Staircase. The beginning of the artifacts had her beginnings which included different behind the scenes things like filters and one porthole which was slightly bent. I could imagine the porthole popping off the ship when she split. The next room had things from 1st class. When we first walked in, they had Songe D' Autumne being played over the speakers which was what I believe to be one of the last pieces played by the band. Among the artifacts were tiles. There was one that came from the 1st class Smoking Room. I could just imagine the ship's chief designer Thomas Andrews stepping on it walking towards the place of his death. They also had tile from the kitchen or what's left of it. The kitchen fell through when the ship broke apart to the bottom. There were things from an Australian passenger and some pieces of chandeliers. One of them was like the ones in the photographs of the Grand Staircase meaning it came from the aft Grand Staircase. There was a sconce from the A La Carte Restaurant. It was interesting because 100 years ago that day the Wideners had a party in honor of Captain Smith. There was a water tank by it which had dents which were either caused by the break up or the pressure down there. The next room had a replica of a boiler with mirrors on either side showing the boilers go on like they did. The room reminded me of the engineers that stayed and died keeping the power going. The next room after that had a number of things. There was a bag with personal grooming items from 1st Officer Murdoch who either killed himself or made an effort to cut away Collapsible A. There was an iceberg which was the temperature of the water when the ship sank. There was a huge model of the wreck which though unfinished was huge and great to look at. They also had one of the double doors from D Deck which 1st class passengers would walk through into the Reception Room when boarding the ship. Then they had pictures of the wreck from their recent expedition along with 3D footage of the wreck. The next area had personal items like clothing, letters, and a photograph. at the end of the exhibit they had info on people from Georgia who were on the Titanic. after we left, we went through Atlanta and passed by Baptist Tabernacle where 2 weeks after the disaster the minister, Rev. MacArthur, prayed for the survivors and the choir sang for the survivors. That night, I watched a Night To Remember which as of yet is one of the most accurate portrayal of the disaster remembering what people were doing exactly 100 years ago that moment. It was a moving experience and afterwards I felt as though I'd just experienced the Titanic's demise myself.

Sunday, April 15, 2012

100 Years Ago Today-April 15, 1912-2012

‎100 years ago today, the greatest liner the world has ever seen slipped beneath the waves of the North Atlantic forever. With her went over 1,500 men, women, and children some willingly putting women and children and married women before themselves. The 705 people the boats were picked up by the Carpathia which was captained by Arthur Rostron, a Christian. The first thing they did after getting picked up is have a service of thanks to God for protection. Many on board had become widows that night. For nearly all of them, their lives wouldn't be the same. After leaving the Californian to search for more boats, the Carpathia turned and steamed towards New York. The world wouldn't know what happened until she docked there.

Saturday, April 14, 2012

100 Years Ago Today-April 14, 1912-2012

100 years ago today was Titanic's last glimpse of daylight. It was the 16th birthday of 3rd class passenger Alfred Rush who got trousers for the occasion. Later the next morning, the sailors would try and get Alfred Rush into one of the last lifeboats on the ship. Alfred pulled back and said, "No! I'm staying here with the men!" Alfred stayed with the men and died like a man that night. It was Sunday, so the passengers had church services. 1st class passengers had services in the 1st class Dining Saloon officiated by Captain E.J. Smith. 2nd and 3rd class had their services in their Dining Saloons and officiated by priests and preachers who were passengers and had volunteered. That afternoon was lovely for a stroll and other recreational activities like exercise. At 5:50, Captain Smith heeded the ice warnings and changed the course to a more southerly route. Little did anyone realize that this decision would prove fatal. In the Marconi Room, Jack Phillips having fixed the machine with Harold Bride was back at the key, sending messages and receiving messages, some of them ice warnings from ships ahead. Suddenly, the Californian's ice warning came blasting through Phillips' headset. Phillips replied, "Shut up, shut up, I am working Cape Race." The Californian would play a large and shameful role in the sinking later. Dinner in 1st class was interesting. The Wideners had a party in honor Captain Smith whose voyage was to be his last before retiring. The party held the creme of the crop of American and British society including the Thayers, Astors, Strauses, J. Bruce Ismay, and some other notable people.

At 11:40 P.M., the Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee high in the crow's nest spotted an enormous iceberg looming in the distance. Fleet saw it first and rang the bell 3 times. He then proceeded to call the Bridge. 6th Officer James Paul Moody answered the phone and said, "What do you see?" Frederick Fleet replied, "Iceberg dead ahead sir!" and Moody said, "Thank you." 1st Officer Murdoch now saw the iceberg and ordered Quartermaster Robert Hichens who was at the wheel to turn the wheel Hard a Starboard. Then he told the bridge to reverse the engines. The Titanic kept going slowly towards the iceberg. Then, she slowly but surely turned. The iceberg was too close and the iceberg scraped the side of the Titanic. She could float with 2-4 of her compartments flooded, but the iceberg opened up 5. The water came rushing into the Boiler Rooms and Mail Room. The mail clerks worked to get the mail to the next decks, trying to beat the rising water. Neither the mail nor the clerks survived the disaster. Captain Smith came onto the Bridge right after the iceberg struck and asked Murdoch, "What have we struck?" Murdoch answered, "An iceberg, sir." In the passenger areas, the men enjoying some last card games or cigars felt or heard what was going on, and came out on deck to see an enormous iceberg just behind them. Those inside that felt it said that it was a bump, a shudder, or a heave of the engines. Captain Smith sent for Thomas Andrews, the ship's chief designer and told the wireless operators to get ready to send the call for assistance. When Andrews got there, the two of them explored the damaged part of the ship. Thomas Andrews told Captain Smith that the ship would sink in an hour or two. Captain Smith then told the wireless operators to send the international call for help which was C.Q.D. Then Captain Smith told the stewards to arouse the passengers, get them to put on the lifebelts, and get them on deck. He then told the officers to ready the lifeboats for lowering. The 1st class passengers began congregating in the Lounge where it was warmer while the band assembled and started playing cheery ragtime music to keep the passengers calm. In the Marconi Room Jack Phillips at 12:07 contacted the Carpathia. The operator on the Carpathia rushed to the Bridge with the news. The officer thought he was joking and proceeded to force him off the bridge. The operator opened the door to the Captain's room and then the officer realized it was serious. The Captain, Rostron, made all possible speed for the Titanic. They would reach the site 4 hours later, too late for over 1,500 people. 5th Officer Harold Lowe had readied some of them and waited for orders to lower. Ismay came out and asked why the boats weren't being loaded and lowered. Lowe, not recognizing him, said that he hadn't been ordered to. Ismay went to the Bridge and asked Smith about it. The order then came to load and lower the lifeboats. The first lifeboat that was lowered had 12 where there was room for 40. Among these first survivors were the Duff Gordons whose behavior was wrongly subjected to criticism later. At 12:55 A.M., 4th Officer Boxhall launched the first white rocket which was supposed to be a call to those that could see them that they needed assistance. Several miles away, the Californian saw a big steamer firing rockets but did nothing. The Wireless Operator was asleep. At the time the first rocket was launched, Margaret Brown who helped put other women into the lifeboats was going to stay and see what was going on when a sailor picked her up and placed her into a lifeboat. Later, Hichens who was at the wheel when the iceberg and was now in charge of the lifeboat used fear like the possibility of the ship sucking them down to motivate the rowers. Later, he wouldn't go back to the people in the water because he feared that those in the water would capsize the boat. Brown tried to get them to go back, but most of those in the boat wouldn't.

Friday, April 13, 2012

100 Years Ago Today-April 13, 1912-2012

‎100 years ago today, the Titanic made 519 miles in 24 hours. She also received more ice warnings by wireless telegraph and Morse lamp. One story says that Ismay pressured Captain Smith to go faster over lunch, but there is only one account that says that it happened and so it's not known whether or not it's true. At 11:00 P.M., the Wireless Telegraph broke down. The operators weren't supposed to fix it, but did anyway. If they hadn't and had gone on battery power, they would've had less range. This action definitely helped Titanic the next night when they called for help in an effort to save the people on the Titanic. Unfortunately, only one survived out of the two in the room.

Thursday, April 12, 2012

100 Years Ago Today-April 12, 1912-2012

100 years ago today was the first full day out in mid-ocean. This allowed the passengers to develop their sea legs (which didn't take much, considering the calm weather and how steady the ship was) and explore the ship. The ladies changed 3 times each day and in the meantime, passengers would explore the wonders of the vessel while children would explore and play. The meals were exquisite, 11 courses in 1st class. All the while, the crew worked in their different stations to keep the ship running whether it was stoking coal in the hot boilers in the belly of the ship, or keeping watch on the bridge. Everything today was going well. In the Marconi Room, Jack Phillips and Harold Bride were busy sending messages from the passengers to those on shore and updating the captain of any ice warnings given from ships ahead.

Wednesday, April 11, 2012

100 Years Ago Today-April 11, 1912-2012

‎100 years ago today, the Titanic stopped off shore at Queenstown, Ireland because the harbor wasn't big enough to contain her. At Queenstown, the ferries brought mail and passengers. Most of the passengers from there were 3rd class including Daniel Buckley, who would become known for his account of the sinking later. It was also the time for other passengers already on board to disembark. One of those was Father Brown, a Priest who took many pictures of life on board. His pictures were made valuable and famous when the Titanic sank. When the Titanic lifted her anchor and sailed away, it would be the last time over 1,500 people would see land and the last time the world would see the Titanic for 75 years.

Tuesday, April 10, 2012

100 Years Ago Today-April 10, 1912-2012

100 years ago today, J. Bruce Ismay woke up in his hotel room and saw the very thing he envisioned, Titanic, sitting in her berth in Southampton. That berth was built specifically for the new Olympic class liners because the other ones were too small. Nearly most of Titanic's crew came from Southampton and this was the time to board for both crew and passengers. Despite what the movies may show, the day was overcast and cloudy but that didn't cause the people's spirits to be down. At noon with the gangways pulled up and the gangway doors closed, the Titanic set sail on her maiden voyage amongst the cheers of well-wishers. As the Titanic was passing the New York attached to another ship in her berth, the Titanic's enormity caused suction that caused the New York's stern to break her cables and swing towards the Titanic. The New York barely missed the Titanic and the Titanic sailed on.

After the Titanic set sail from Southampton, the ship made her way to Cherbourg. She arrived at 6:30, an hour late because of the near collision with the New York. The dock was too small for the Titanic and so passengers had to be ferried out to the Titanic. Some of of the Titanic's most famous passengers came aboard her including the Astors, Benjamin Guggenheim, and Molly Brown. 90 minutes after the Titanic arrived, she disembarked for her next and final destination, Queenstown, Ireland. Today, one of the ships that ferried Titanic's passengers in Cherbourg is still in existence. The Nomadic is the last of the White Star Line ships that is in existence above water.

Wednesday, February 22, 2012

Titanic Unit Study

2 years of writing and research!
36 + chapters
Final project ideas
field Trip ideas
tons of resources books, videos (some for free)....
essays (writing)/discussion questions
Critical Thinking
109 pages

Here is a sample of it....so you can see what it will sort of be...remember it is 109 pages!  Titanic Sample
It is here.....My Titanic Unit Study is now available! Enjoy!!!  The MOST comprehensive, detailed and thorough Unit Study out there!!

Titanic Unit Study FULL unit can last up to a year grades K-12

Titanic Unit StudyMini unit can be for several weeks