Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Wednesday, December 31, 2008

Two Titanic Letters to be Auctioned Saturday

NEW YORK (AFP) — Two letters from Titanic passengers are to be auctioned in New York this month, one of them featuring an excited description of the doomed ship just moments before setting sail.

Letters on White Star Lines stationary inscribed with "On board RMS Titanic" are "extremely rare and are among the most prized artifacts from the disaster," said Robert Litzenberger, a specialist at Spink Smythe auction house.

The letters are expected to sell January 16 for 10,000 dollars to 20,000 dollars each, he said. The items will be offered in New York and online by Spink Smythe.

In one letter, businessman Adolphe Saalfeld penned a hurried note to his wife just before the Titanic left Southampton on her 1912 maiden voyage, sinking with the loss of some 1,500 lives after hitting a north Atlantic iceberg.

"I just had an hours roaming abt (about) on this wonderful boat ... I like my cabin very much. It is like a bed-sitting room and rather large. I am the first man to write a letter on board. They are still busy to finish the last touches onboard," he wrote.

Saalfeld survived the sinking in lifeboat number three, which was crammed mostly with women and children.

The other letter was written by George Graham, a department store salesman, who perished.

In a letter sent just before embarking, he apologized to a business associate that he had been too busy to make contact earlier: "I hope that you will accept my good wishes now even if they are a bit late. I hope to see you next year."

Tuesday, December 30, 2008

The Colored Family

There was a distinction on the Titanic, and the men and women of color were considered of lower standards during that time in England and France. However, that was not the case with the Laroche Family.

Joseph Phillipe Lemercier Laroche was born on May 26, 1885 in Haiti. His uncle was the president of the country, and that put him in a prominent state. He left in 1901 however, and went to Beauvais, France for school at age 15. Joseph got an engineering degree and married Juliette Lafargue in 1908. Together, they had a daughter named Simmone in 1909, and another daughter named Louise in 1910. Even though Joseph spoke French and English very well and had an engineering degree, his skin color porevented him from getting work. They weren't doing well, and were living in the basement of his father in law, who was a wine seller. Juliette got pregnant again in March of 1912, and decided to return to Haiti rather live on the charity of his father in law. Joseph's mother got them tickets on the LaFrance and paid 50,000 dollars for a parlor suite, but the coal strike made them transfer to the Titanic in 2nd class. Even though they were in 2nd class, they were allowed to eat with the 1st class passengers, and enjoy the 1st class luxuries. You can imagine the racial discrimination about him and his family, and they could have been alone the entire time, not knowing or getting to know anybody. At dinner, Kate Buss said that the children would run about before dinner. She described them as, "like Jap(anese) children". What probably also raised many eyebrows, was the Black man married to the olive colored woman. They enjoyed themselves though. The Titanic struck an iceberg on the evening of April 14, 1912 and was mortally wounded. The family was all all asleep when there came a knock at the door. Mr. Laroche answered the door, and was told that he and his family were to put on their lifejackets and go up on deck. Since this story was told as not to cause panic, they all did as the steward said and didn't worry about a thing. The men were not allowed into the lifeboats, so Joseph stayed behind while Juliette, Simmone, and Louise were put into possibly Boat No. 14. Unfortunately, Joseph died in the sinking. Mrs. Laroche and the children went back to France where she had a boy that she named, Joseph Jr. The family barely were surviving until sometime after WWI, when the White Star Line gave her 150,000 francs for her loses of items and clothing, and also pittance for the loss of her husband. The man that gave them this was Alexandre Millerand, an advocate of the White Star Line, and future president of France. She used some of the money to open a fabric dyeing place, and they did well. They kept in contact with fellow survivor, Edith Russell until her death. Juliette never remarried, and died at the age of 91 on January 10, 1980. Simmone die at the age of 64 on August 8, 1973. Louise later commemorated a plaque in 1995 at Cherbourg, next to the Normadic which the ship that carried them to the Titanic. It is the last White Star Line ship still to exist. Louise died in 1998. The family's story remained forgotten until 2000, when experts were able to piece together what happened. This was due to the family not wanting to talk about the disaster. I can't find out anything about Joseph Jr., but if he's alive, he could technically count as a survivor, although in the womb, he was still on the Titanic. The Laroche grandchildren don't talk about the sinking. Even though they never witnessed it, they don't talk about what their parents or grandparents had said about the disaster.

Monday, December 15, 2008

George D. Widener Collection

While in Washington D.C., we went to the National Museum of Art at the Smithsonian. While there, we went into a room that had the same style in paneling as the Titanic's Lounge, which is modeled for one of the rooms in the Palace of Versailles. The reason being, is because there was a collection of art pieces that was owned by King Louis XIV. The pieces were donated by a Mrs. Rice. Well, her former husband was George Dunton Widner. He and his son Harry put her into a lifeboat before going down with the ship. George Widner was a collector of art, and his son shared that same interest, collecting rare books. After Mrs. Widner arrived in Philadelphia and later married Dr. Rice, she donated these things to the Smithsonian. The art pieces were very interesting, and I think that it's ironic that they did the room at the Smithsonian in the same style as the Lounge.

Thursday, December 11, 2008

Memorial to a Brave Man

Here in Washington D.C., we went to Arlington National Cemetery. While there, I found out that Archibald Butt was memorialized here. He was a man that died on the Titanic, but he was also the military aid of presidents Teddy Roosevelt, and William Taft. He helped others into the lifeboats and then waited for the end, which came that cold, April night. Although his body was never found, his father and brothers had an empty casket and memorial buried in the place that "Archie" had selected. The link earlier will take you to a biography I did about him. If you ever go there, you might want to look at it. Look under 1734.

Saturday, November 29, 2008

Titanic Aquatic

(A model of the wreck in the middle of the lobby)

/> (Me with a replicated telemotor in the lobby)

Titanic Aquatic 1

Titanic Aquatic 2

For my birthday, my parents took me to the Georgia Aquarium, where they had an exhibit, called "Titanic Aquatic". We entered, and the first thing we saw was one of the bollards, from the stern. I could almost see people hitting the bollards, with the stern vertical. Then, we saw things that were used to build the ship. You then went to the next room, where there was the recreation of a 1st class cabin. It was nice, however the panels weren't exactly correct, and the china on the table wasn't White Star Line. They had a sink that came from one of the cabins, and you could almost hear the water running and someone's hands reaching in there. They also had currency from the wreck that were arabic and english. In the next room, there was china from 1st and 2nd class. Then, they had 3rd class china. In the next room, they had a replicated 3rd class corridor, with a replicated 3rd class cabin. In the next room, they had pots and pans from the kitchen. The room after that had a place where you could try to steer the ship from the iceberg. On the other wall, they had an iceberg that was the same temperature, as the water. I don't think I would've lasted more than 10-15 minutes. However, some died immediately while others died within half an hour. The next room had plates in the way they were on the sea bed, and other things. One wall had quotes from the survivors, describing the sinking. They had a model in front of the Titanic sinking and little lifeboats, in the gel that looked like water. The next place was a hallway where you saw the Titanic in 1912 on one side, and the Titanic in 1985 when Robert Ballard discovered on the other side. The last room had clothes that were in trunks, and are almost perfectly preserved. They also had personal items such as Major Peuchen's calling card, that they found in his wallet and spectacles that belonged to someone on board. One the other side were the stories of those on board that were from Georgia, and perfume bottles from a passenger, of which still had their scent. On the last wall, they had a list of all the passengers that were on board, and you could use the boarding pass they gave you at the start to see whether you survived or not. I was 2nd class passenger Edward Giles, and he died. At the end, I bought a piece of coal recovered in the 1994 expedition and is the only artifact from the actual wreck site, that the law allows you to own due to the abundance of 40 tons of it. If you live near Georgia, or you're passing through Atlanta, you might want to consider going. It's pretty cool, but you need to go through it with great reverence for those that died on board.

Thursday, November 13, 2008

Titanic Automobiles

There is a record of one automobile in the Titanic's cargo hold. It was owned by William Carter going home to Philadelphia with his brand new French Renault (Mr. Carter survived the sinking). The Automobile was more than likely in the bow, where it was lifted into the cargo hold days before the sailing. It was where the iceberg struck, and went down with the ship. James Cameron went down to the hold in search, but came up empty handed. Today, if it still exists, the engine would be an unrecognizable mass of twisted metal, the seats would be gone, the frame would be bent with some of it gone, the lights would be imploded, the tires would be flat, the top would be mostly collapsed or gone, and the windshield would be shattered. That would be what it looks like compared to everything else, and I don't think you'd be able to find it on the first try. Unlike its portrayal in James Cameron's film, it was likely in a crate. It probably would have fallen forward due to its weight and the high angle the Titanic achieved. Today, a French Renault from 1912 goes for between 45,000 and 51,000 dollars.

Saturday, November 8, 2008

The Author of a Legend

Walter Lord was born on October 8, 1917 in Baltimore, Maryland. In 1939, he graduated from Princeton University and tried to get into Yale, but he joined the army after Pearl Harbor. He was made a code clerk in London, and graduated from Yale with a degree in law after WWII ended. Lord wrote 13 bestselling books. They were Day of Infamy, Incredible Victory, A Time to Stand, Peary to the Pole, Good years from 1900 to the First World War, The Past that would not Die, his greatest work A Night to Remember, and The Night Lives On. From what I know, Walter Lord after writing A Time to Stand about The Alamo, he actually discovered the long lost flag from the battle in the Mexican archives. While writing about A Night to Remember and The Night Lives On about the Titanic, he tracked down 63 living survivors in order to get their stories of the sinking and afterward. In 1958, William McQuitty decided to do a movie using A Night to Remember's name and facts. It tells the story minute-by-minute through the eyes of Kenneth More playing 2nd Officer Charles Lightoller, and going through the bravery of Thomas Andrews, Captain Smith, the true story of Ismay, the Strausses, and many others. The sets were built using the original blueprints and designs, and they had survivors including Lawrence Beasely, and Edith Russell. It remains to this day as the most accurate movie today. Walter Lord acted as technical adviser along side with survivor 4th Officer Joseph Boxhall. Walter Lord became known also for is vast collection in things that survivors from the Titanic had given him, and original pictures. Among those things was a musical toy pig from Edith Russell that she played in the lifeboat in order to comfort the children. In 1997, after years of speaking and signing autographs, he helped James Cameron in his movie, Titanic. Walter Lord died on May 19, 2002 at the age of 84 after battling Parkinsons for years. He was buried in a family plot in Green Mountain Cemetery.

Thursday, November 6, 2008

Millvina Dean Sells Titanic Items

The last Titanic survivor, Millvina Dean, is selling personal items and momentoes of the Titanic obtained by her family, which was on the doomed ship. Millvina Dean was a two month infant when the Titanic drowned in the Atlantic. She is now 96 years old and lives in a nursing home. With no money to pay for her nursing home care, Millvina Dean, has now decided to auction her famed possessions.

Millvina’s family was on the ship after the family decided to emigrate to the United States and live in Kansas. But tragedy struck even before they reach American soil. Millvina along with her brother and mother (Eva Dean) was put in a lifeboat. Her father, Bertram Dean, did not make it and drowned with the ship. The family was travelling third class on the Titanic.

The auction is expected to fetch her 3000 British Pounds which is about $5150 in US dollars. Among the items that will be sold are a 100 year old suitcase and rare prints of the Titanic. The old suitcase was given to her family after they were rescued. It is said to have contained clothes for the family, which lost everything including their breadwinner with the ship. The rare prints of the Titanic were sent to her mother from the Titanic Relief fund and is said to have been signed by a number of popular artists of that time.

Friday, October 24, 2008

Will there be another TITANIC?

The novelty of building a Titanic 2 has been thought of, and an Irish Tycoon even announced he wanted to build a Titanic 2 by 2001, but obviously, that never happened. I'd like to see a Titanic 2; it's not like it would be disrespectful of the people that died on the ship. However, I'd like one that would have modern-day engines, capacity of lifeboats, and safety features while not changing the rest of the interior, nor exterior. I'd also like for there not to be separations by class, and giving the passengers full reign of the parts allowed for the passengers. The problem is that people would be reenacting Jack and Rose on the bow, while it's unsafe with it being 30 feet above the water. Maybe passengers shouldn't be allowed at the bow. The bridge could be state of the art design, all the while keeping the 1912 style. The wireless operating room would be a museum, since the communications would be at the bridge. The problem is that building the 882 1/2 feet long vessel is not cheap. The cost of building the ship in 1912 was the equal of 2.1 billion dollars in today's money. Also, the cabins on the ship wouldn't be cheap. The Parlor Suites (the best staterooms on the ship) costed the equal of $100,000 in today's money. The lifeboats would be white and modern, and there would be enough to carry more than the passengers on board. Think about it! The Titanic would finally reach New York and the ship, would regain her former glory. Yes I am dreaming, but it was just a thought. Who knows? maybe someone will rebuild the Titanic one day. Wouldn't it be a sight to see?

Thursday, October 23, 2008

When Weather Changed History


This movie talks about the sinking of the Titanic, as told through accounts. It also goes through the iceberg, and how they're preventing another Titanic disaster.

Tuesday, October 21, 2008

Being a Man in 1912

In 1912, being a man didn't mean being a guy with a ton of muscles. Being a man meant that you were well dressed and well-mannered. You opened the doors for those behind you, and didn't sit down at the table before you pulled out the chairs, and the ladies were seated. Every gentleman used table-manners, and talked about the most appropriate things in front of women, and other men. The food was eaten in little bites, so that you wouldn't be caught with your mouth full of food. Children, and even teenagers had to use these manners, as taught by their mothers and fathers. When the women were done, the men got up and pulled the seats out for the women. When going out for a ride in the country or going shopping, the men would open and close the doors for the ladies and whenever there was one there, the man would drive. Being like this doesn't mean you act like a snob, but this means that you respect others around you. You can teach your children to open the doors for others, carry things for others, and treating everyone with respect and dignity, as if he or she was a king or queen. This also doesn't mean that you must behave like that in EVERY situation. If you put the rules of a gentleman into practice, you'll be well respected. This also pleases God, respecting and honoring his created people his a great service to him. He said, "Whatsoever you have done to the least of these, you did unto Me."

Friday, October 17, 2008

TITANIC: The Artifact Exhibit

Earlier this year, we went with our church to see a TITANIC artifact exhibit, in downtown, Atlanta. I dressed up in my costume that made me look like an officer on the ship, complete with a hat bearing the White Star logo. We were each given tickets that had the names and info about the passengers on board (I was David John Barton). We different rooms replicated from rooms actually on board the ship along with the bell that was rung when the Fredrick Fleet saw the iceberg. We also saw the tools that built the ship, and some personal affects that the builders owned. We came into a room that was replicated with to look like Southampton Dock. When we entered, there was a room that had personal affects from passengers, like purses, money, cards, and many other things. We even saw the jewelry box with the Duff-Gordon initials. There was also a replica of a 1st and 3rd class cabin . There was a replica of the bridge, that was cool. It had telemotors (that actually went on the stern bridge, since the bow bridge equipment were blown away and possibly destroyed. The we came into a room that had an iceberg that you could touch, in order to feel how cold it was that night. In another room we saw dishes that were in a crate in the cargo hold, but fell out of the ship when she broke apart. The crate dissolved, leaving stacked plates in perfect condition.  We also the side to a deck bench, and a part of the big piece of the hull itself was there too. In the final room, there was perfumes from that a perfume salesman that still had their scent. In the back, was a wall with the list of passengers that were on board separated between who lived, and died. I found out that Barton died.  The experience was pretty good, and in the end, I bought a replica of a 2nd class bowl. It's very beautiful, and rests on my shelf right now, as a prized possession.

Wednesday, October 15, 2008

Starved on Collapsible B

Collapsible B was the abandoned around 4:00 A.M. by 4th officer Harold Lowe on April 15, 1912. It was capsized, but it saved the lives of 20 men, and 1 woman from the icy waters. After the passengers were placed in another boat, Collapsible B was abandoned, still overturned. On April 17, 1912, the Oceanic came to the wreck-site. There, they found the Collapsible B. However, on top of it were 3 men. Thinking that these men were possibly alive, they got to the men by lifeboat. However, when they got there they found the men dead. They had pieces of cork in their mouths which meant they had tried to eat the lifejackets on them. They were bloated, and disfigured, and unrecognizable. They were able to identify one body, because of initials on his handkerchief. His name was Thomas Beattie. The bodies were buried at sea, and Collapsible B was taken to New York, where it and the other lifeboats disappeared from all records.

Thursday, October 9, 2008

"Not to Minister unto but to Minister"

Annie Clemmer Funk was born on April 12, 1874 in Bally, Pennsylvania. Her parents were devout Mennonites, and her father was even a deacon at Hereford General Conference Mennonite Church. She at first studied to be a teacher at West Chester College, but transferred to Moody Bible College to study the bible. She was a teacher in Chattanooga, Tennessee to blacks for a couple of years, then she taught in New Jersey to the Young woman's Christian Association. In 1906, she decided to be the first Mennonite woman missionary with this statement: "Our Heavenly Father is as near to us on sea as on land. My trust is in him. I have no fear." The mission board agreed to allow her to go to Janjgir, India. Slowly, she learned the Hindi language and in 1907, she opened the first school for girls, in Janjgir. The Mennonite community raised money and got her a bicycle she rode around in India on it with her bible and portable organ. After 6 years of ministering and teaching, she received a telegram saying that her mother was sick. She immediately booked passage on the Haverford and after 3weeks of travel, she reached Southampton, England. However, the ship was canceled due to the coal strike, so she booked passage for the TITANIC as a 2nd class passenger. She celebrated her 38th birthday on April 12, 1912 on the grandest ship in the world. On April 14, 1912, the TITANIC struck an iceberg at 11:30 P.M. She was awoken by a steward just passed midnight, and told to go up on deck. She got into a lifeboat, and then a woman came up and cried, "My children, My children"! There was no more room on the boat, so Annie got up and gave the woman her seat so that she could be with her children. Later, her friends commented,"That's just like her." Annie Funk died in the sinking, and she has two memorials for her. One in her hometown of Pennsylvania, and one in India where Annie Funk Memorial School is standing. Her body was never recovered.

Saturday, October 4, 2008

My Own Ocean Voyage

In 2004, my mother, brothers, and father sailed from Seattle, Washington, to different places in Alaska. Our ship was named the M.S. Amsterdam of the Holland American Line (a branch off of Carnival Line which owns Cunard). When the ship set sail, we didn't even feel the ship moving. The ship was beautiful with a nice staircase, of which had paintings on the landings (like the Grand Staircase on the TITANIC). We had a lifeboat drill around half an hour after we set sail. The lifejackets were bright orange, and they were not very well designed to be strapped to your person, especially in a short period of time. When we ate dinner, the dining room was a nice place with assigned seating, green carpet with elegant designs, and huge windows where we could look out to sea. In the middle of the room, was an opening that looked over the lower level of the dining room. Our cabins weren't very big. They had a double bed in the main room, and the hallway near the entrance had a bathroom and a closet. When-ever we ate breakfast, we ate in a room with a bar. It too had huge windows, and it opened up to the for-castle deck. It kinda reminded me of the Veranda Cafe. There were many decks and once, and I ran down all the decks in the stern and saw the engines. The engines were huge, seeming to tower around two stories. The voyage was nice, and we saw a few mountain goats occasionally. There was an observation platform, where we spent our mornings looking for sea-life. We did see a porpoise. One night, we went to see a magic show in the theatre. On the way there, we went up a nice staircase that had what looked like silver squares on the wall. Beside the stairway was a towering, 3 story clock that had a beautiful mural on the ceiling, surrounding it. The theatre was pretty good, and the magic tricks were all stunning of course. At Glacier Bay, we saw many icebergs and sometimes run over or hit them. Rough weather rocked the ship, and sent large waves across the ship's front decks. There were 5 pools. One was indoors, but the roof could open which let in sunlight. After a week of sailing, we arrived back in Seattle, Washington.

Saturday, September 13, 2008

Twin Towers and the TITANIC

Now, there's some similarities with the 9/11 attacks and the TITANIC that I'd like to point out. First, both were massive, and were the prides of millions. For the twin towers, they were the prides of not only the TITANIC's destination; New York city, but they were also some of the tallest skyscrapers in the world. The TITANIC was the figure not of New York, and not of England where her home was, but of the sea. The two disasters shook the world. While thousands of workers and employees were falling off the roof or windows, the people on the TITANIC jumped from her decks and ropes. As the airplane rammed into the North Tower that fateful morning at 9 A.M., the TITANIC struck an iceberg at 11:30 P.M. These both ended up shaking the very foundations of this earth. Over 2,600 died in the 2001 disaster, which is more than the TITANIC could even have, which was a little over 2,200. In both tragedies, there's also heroes and heroine. The firefighters that went in and saved so many lives, remind me of the stokers and engineers that stayed in the bowels of the sinking ship, keeping the power going so that others could escape, even though they were ordered to abandon their posts. Although some firefighters lived, no engineers that kept the power going, survived. The security officers that stayed back, and got most of the people out of the building in time, reminds me of the bellboys and stewards that went around and made sure that everyone was up on deck, and then didn't save themselves until the ship was gone, or if they were ordered into a lifeboat. We usually don't get these heroes, and men of these virtues anymore. Now I don't think you'll ever have to go through such an ordeal as 9/11, or the TITANIC. But, I'll bet most never expected to be in the predicaments mentioned. What would you do on the TITANIC, if you knew that the ship was sinking and you heard someone behind locked gates from steerage, and 29 degree water was creeping up, filling your shoes? What would you do if you were racing down the steps, and you heard someone crying out for help, and the place could come down at any minute? You might want to think about it.

Sunday, August 31, 2008


Today, September 2, is the anniversary of the discovery by Dr. Robert Ballard in 1975. They were up in the middle of the night looking at sediment for hours, hoping for some evidence of the fabled liner, TITANIC. Then, they started seeing small pieces of coal and rubble. Finally, they see something recognizable as belonging to the TITANIC. It was one of the massive, 29 boilers. They followed a trail of debris, until they saw the huge hull. It was rust-covered, and it was a little disoriented, but it was clearly recognizable. They monitored the ship's hull, and decks until some twisted metal that lead to nothing. In all the excitement of finding the wreck after 85 years of lying in complete darkness, one man looked at the clock on the wall and noted that it was near 2:20 which was around the time that the TITANIC sank on April 14. They held a brief moment of silence for the 1,500 people that bravely went to their deaths. The wreck had been found and the unknown stories were resurrected again. A lot of questions have been answered, and a lot of questions have been asked. One of the most important, was that the ship broke apart, which was under huge debate. There's many questions still answered, that were made. For instance, what happened to the Grand Staircase? It had gone down six flights, and now there's a gaping hole. We now know a lot about people's lives on board, and what she looks like today, with little hints and touches of elegance.

Thursday, August 28, 2008

New TITANIC Deck Plans

Here's another series of deck plans. The others may be easier for you, but that depends on your point of view.

You can click on the plans, to get a closer view of them.

Funnels (above)

Boat Deck (above)

A Deck (above

B Deck (above)

C Deck (above)

D Deck (above)

E Deck (above

F Dek (above)

G Deck (above)

Cross Section (above)

Engine Room (above)
(These plans are from www. titanic-whitestarships.com and www.abratis.com)

Tuesday, August 26, 2008

Robert Chisholm

Roderick (Robert) Chisholm was born in Dumbartonshire, Scotland in 1872 to James and Sophia Chisolm. His family later moved to Ireland where he married Susan Anderson in 1896. Together, they had two children. One was Alyce in 1897 and Jimmy in 1898. Robert was a draughtsman for Belfast and helped Thomas Andrews design the TITANIC and her lifeboats. He was later chosen to go on the Guarantee Group which is a group of the builders chosen by Thomas Andrews to assist him on the maiden voyage. They were to inspect and make notes to improve the ship. Before he left, he gave his two sons each a penny. His job was to monitor any problems the ship might have. He was in 1st class and when the TITANIC struck an iceberg, he and his fellow builders couldn't prevent the sinking and it was his lifeboat davit design that allowed the boats to be lowered quickly. He however, died that night and his body was never recovered. The pennies that he gave his children are still in the family.

Saturday, August 23, 2008

Lawrence Beesley

Lawrence Beesley was born on December 31, 1877. He went to school at Derby, England. He did well and Caius College, Cambridge where he later became a scholar and teacher. His favorite subject was Natural History which probably led to he later deciding to become a science teacher in his hometown of Derbyshire. In 1904, after 2 years of teaching, he became a science master in Dulwich College. He married Gertrude Cecil Macbeth and together, they had a son named Alec. When Alec was young, Gertrude unfortunately died. He later quit his job to go on a long vacation in Toronto, Canada where his brother lived. He was going to New York on the TITANIC and then, on to Canada by train. He left his son, Alec in England and boarded in Southampton on April 10, 1912 as a 2nd class passenger. He was reading a book that he borrowed on the night of April 14, 1912. Then, he felt a bump or a jar. It later surprised him that he didn't fall out of bed. He saw a brief whiteness pass by his window. He put the book down and went out to the corridor where he saw a steward. He asked what was wrong and the steward said that there's nothing wrong and told him to go back to bed. He did so and read on in his book. At around 1:00 A.M; he heard a knock on the door and answered. He was told to go up on deck. He did so and noticed a slight list towards the bow-port side. He saw the crew loading boats. He helped all the women and children he saw into the lifeboats but there was three women. They were met by Lawrence and directed them to a boat. Later, he saw them again and they had gotten out to make room for others. They were redirected to a boat and they got in. He was watching the loading of Boat No. 13. He was asked to get in by an officer, and that's how he survived. He and the 64 others were rescued and he later returned to England. Nine weeks after the disaster, he wrote and published a book called "Loss of the S.S. Titanic." It made him a famed survivor and when you read his book, you walk the decks of the sinking ship along with him. In 1958, the movie A Night To Remember was made and he appeared on the set. He was able to meet with other survivors and relate their stories. He died of natural causes on February 14, 1967 at the age of 89.

Tuesday, August 19, 2008

Titanic's Toothpick Fairy

Click HERE to see Wayne Kusy and his TITANIC made out of toothpicks.

In just 2 years, local Chicago resident Wayne Kusy built a 10 ft. long model of the TITANIC. It's made of toothpicks, glue, and nothing else. There's an intricate and complicated design inside that would take you forever to go through if you were small enough. It's very accurate down to the last detail. He also built a model of the Lusitania and Queen Mary. The Queen Mary made of 818,000 toothpicks and is 25 feet long. None of them float, however.

Monday, August 18, 2008

TITANIC Ice for Thought

Note: If these might sound like them, they're NOT jokes.

Q. Why was A Night to Remember (in most opinions) a little more accurate than Titanic from 1997?

A. Because A Night to Remember was made while most of the survivors were still alive, so they were able to track 98 of them down and interview them.

Q. Why did Wallace Hartley lead the band in playing "Nearer My God to Thee" as the TITANIC was sinking?

A. Because he actually had chosen the hymn to played at his own funeral.

Q. When Colonel Astor's body was found, it was covered by soot and crushed. What happened?

A. He was crushed by the 1st funnel when it collapsed and killed instantly.

Q. When one boy was saying what he saw, he said "I saw a man put something against his head. There was fire coming out and he fell into the water. What does this mean?

A. It was a suicide (either Capt. Smith, Chief officer Wilde, 1st officer Murdoch, or 4th officer Moody).

Q. Lawrence Beesely threw his pajamas into the boat that were over his shoulder the whole time he was walking around the ship. When he got into the boat, they were gone. What happened to them?

A. A passenger took them and used them to keep warm.

Tuesday, August 12, 2008

A New Blog

I just created a new blog called HISTORY CENTER. I only have one post on there at the moment and it's on the TITANIC. This blog will be about general historical figures and events. I hope you like it.

Wednesday, August 6, 2008

TITANIC in Court

Click HERE to read all that transpired at the inquiry.

When word reached Washington D.C. that the TITANIC sank, they decided to have an inquiry to make some sense of what happened that night. A couple of nights before the Carpathia was to arrive with the TITANIC survivors, a telegram was sent to the White Star Line office in New York to have a ship ready to take him and the crew to England after they land. It was signed, Yamsi. It doesn't take a mad scientist to figure out that this is the name Ismay spelled backwards. Senator William Smith of Michigan came out to New York and decided to hold the inquiry the day after the Carpathia landed. As soon as the Carpathia landed, a warrant was issued for some certain passengers and crew to appear at the Astoria Hotel for questioning. However, Ismay the owner of the ship was met by the senator and other men and escorted by car to the Astoria Hotel where he would stay the night and appear in the lobby the following morning. The inquiry lasted 18 days and some witnesses were recalled two or three times. All the officers, some crew-members, Ismay, and some of the most important men and women were called up to the stand. The newspapers published the dirt about everyone and mostly Ismay. When the American Inquiry was done, the British set up an inquiry of it's own and nearly all of those that returned to England, were called up to another stand. That lasted 36 days! Each day had a new questioner or examiner. The inquiry has helped greatly. Without those testimonies, there would still be a lot of questions unanswered.

Monday, August 4, 2008

The Cat with 5 Lives

Gurshon (Gus) Cohen was born on December 31, 1893. He learned the printing business but the company was sold out. He borrowed 32.00 pounds and booked passage on the Adriatic but the coal strike transferred him to the TITANIC in 3rd class. After the TITANIC struck an iceberg, he was awoken and told to get his lifebelt on and go up on deck. He was not able to enter a lifeboat so he jumped all 60 ft. and swam to Boat No. 12. He testified that the orchestra didn't play Nearer My God to Thee as the TITANIC sank. During WWI, Gus came back to England and volunteered. He was shot in a battle in the head but survived loosing sight in one eye and being disabled. During WWII, he had a cloth store and it was hit by a German bomb while Gus was outside and he survived. During the blackouts of London, Gus was at a subway and accidentally stepped on the third rail and still survived. At the 50th anniversary of the sinking of the TITANIC, he was asked to come and be interviewed via the radio. The taxi driver stopped across the street and asked if he wanted help crossing the street and Gus said no. On the way, he was hit by a drunken driver and still survived! He finally died of Renal Failure on August 4th, 1978 at the age of 85. His friends called him The Cat and in the end, he escaped death 5 times.

Monday, July 28, 2008

Know Your Stuff! 3

1. Who is the most famous TITANIC artist today in "The TITANIC Artist"?

A. Robert Ballard

B. Ken Marshall

C. Jean Lafitte

2. The TITANIC's dome broke like in the movie in "Wrong Ideas"?

A. True

B. False

3. Why did the TITANIC fire rockets in "Distress Rockets"?

A. For a party

B. To alert other ships of the ice

C. To alert other ships that they were sinking.

4. In the "Veranda Cafe", who made friends on the night of the sinking?

A. Mrs. Churchill Candee and Archibald Gracie

B. Jack Thayer and Milton Long

C. Mr. Widener and Mr. Strauss

5. In "It Happened in 1912", which of these actually did happen in 1912?

A. Taft becomes president

B. Lincoln is shot

3. Teddy Roosevelt becomes president

6. In "Jock Hume", who was the band-leader?

A. Jock Hume

B. Wallace Hartley

C. Thomas Andrews

7. In "A Communication from across the Sea", what was the name of the prayer in Mrs. Gracie's prayer book that she used that night?

A. For those at Sea

B. Nearer my God to Thee

C. He gave his life for a friend

TITANIC vs. Olympic

The TITANIC and Olympic were almost identical and some photographs of the TITANIC are actually the Olympic which was TITANIC's sister-ship.

1. One difference is the A-Deck. On the Olympic, A-Deck was all open. On the TITANIC, A-Deck was half enclosed and half open.

2. This may not be distinguishable from photographs, but the TITANIC was larger than the Olympic.

3. Most interiors are the same but one of the things that the TITANIC had that the Olympic didn't was a Reading and Writing Room.

Tuesday, July 22, 2008

What would have happened?

Here is what might have happened if the TITANIC had not sunk:

The TITANIC would have gone into military service during WWI and would have either become a troop ship (like the Olympic) or had her fittings taken out and become a hospital ship (like the Britannic). After the war, she would resume as a passenger ship. She would have been scrapped after the Cunard merged with the White Star Line.

Joseph Bruce Ismay
Ismay would have been chairman until he retired at an old age. He died in 1937.

Thomas Andrews
Andrews would have gone on as chief designer for the White Star Line and would have become chairman of the Harland and Wolff ship-yards after his uncle Lord Pierrie died.

Captain Edward John Smith
Smith would have finished his career and retired after the TITANIC's maiden voyage.

1st officer William Murdoch
Murdoch would have soon been Captain of some other ship and had a nice career such as Capt. Smith.

Jack Phillips
Phillips would have gone into service during WWI on one of the Royal Naval Ships as wireless operator. He would have more than likely spent the rest of his days in Ireland.

The White Star Line
White Star would have not lost regular travelers that usually booked passage on the White Star Line ships. They would have probably gone out of business anyway.

The Steerage/3rd class would have left the ship in the New World and many would have prospered.

Sunday, July 20, 2008

A Communication Across the Sea

In Archibald Gracie's account of the sinking called "The Truth about the TITANIC", He said something very interesting. He was in the water and he thought he was about to die. He was praying for his wife and his family. His wife Mrs. Gracie was staying at her sister's house in New York awaiting his return. Here is what Mrs. Gracie said about what was happening to her while the ship was sinking:

"I was in my room at my sister's house, where I was visiting, in New York. After retiring, being unable to rest I questioned myself several times over, wondering what it was that prevented the customary long and peaceful slumber, lately enjoyed. 'What is the matter?' I uttered. A voice seemed to reply seemed to say, 'On your knees and pray.' Instantly, I literally obeyed with my prayer book in my hand, which by chance opened at the prayer 'For those at Sea.' The thought then flashed through my mind, 'Archie is praying for me.' I continued wide awake until a little before 5 o'clock a.m., by the watch that lay beside me. About 7 a.m. I dozed a while and then got up to dress for breakfast. At 8 o'clock my sister, Mrs. Dalliba Dutton, came softly to the door, newspaper in hand, to gently break the tragic news that the TITANIC had sunk, and showed me the list of only twenty names saved headed with Colonel Archibald Butt (of whom actually died); but my husband's name was not included. My head sank in her protective arms as I murmured helplessly, 'He is all I have in the whole world.' I could only pray for strength, and later in the day, believing myself a widow, I wrote to my daughter, who was in the care of out housekeeper and servants in out Washington home, 'Cannot you see your father in his tenderness for women and children, helping them all, and then going down with the ship? If he has gone, I will not live long, but I would not have him take a boat'."

Mrs. Gracie later met him when he was coming off the rescue ship Carpathia. He indeed helped women and children into the boats and never entered a lifeboat. He was swept off a ship and was nearly drowned. He later scrambled onto Collapsible B. There he stayed until he was picked up.

Monday, July 14, 2008

The Men and Women who Died in this Tragedy

Abbing, Anthony
Abbott, E.
Abbott, Eugene Joseph
Abbott, Rossmore Edward
Abelson, Samuel
Abraham, C.
Ådahl, Mauritz Nils Martin
Adams, John
Adams, R.
Ahier, Percy
Ahlin, Johanna Persdotter Larsson
Ahmed, Ali
Akerman, Joseph
Akermann, Albert
Aldworth, Charles Augustus
Alexander, William
Alhomäki, Ilmari Rudolf
Ali, William
Allan, R.
Allaria, Battista Antonio (Baptiste)
Allen, Fred
Allen, G.
Allen, Henry
Allen, William Henry
Allison, Bessie Waldo Daniels
Allison, Helen Lorraine
Allison, Hudson Joshua Creighton
Allsop, F.
Allum, Owen George
Alsopp, Alfred Samuel
Andersen, Albert Karvin
Andersen, Thor Olsvigen
Anderson, Walter Y.
Andersson, Alfrida Konstantia Brogren
Andersson, Anders Johan
Andersson, Ebba Iris Alfrida
Andersson, Ellis Anna Maria
Andersson, Ida Augusta Margareta
Andersson, Ingeborg Constancia
Andersson, Johan Samuel
Andersson, Sigrid Elisabeth
Andersson, Sigvard Harald Elias
Andreasson, Paul Edvin
Andrew, Edgar Samuel
Andrew, Frank
Andrews, Thomas, jr
Angheloff, Minko
Angle, William A.
Arnold, Josef
Arnold, Josephine Frank
Aronsson, Ernst Axel Algot
Artagaveytia, Ramon
Ashby, John
Ashcroft, A.
Ashe, H.W.
Asim, Adola
Asperlach, Georges
Asplund, Carl Edgar
Asplund, Carl Oscar Vilhelm Gustafsson
Asplund, Clarence Gustaf Hugo
Asplund, Filip Oscar
Assaf, Gerios
Assam, Ali
Astor, John Jacob
Attala (Kalil), Solomon
Attalah, Malaka
Augustsson, Albert
Ayling, E.
Baccos, Rafoul
Back, C.
Backström, Karl Alfred
Badt, Mohamed
Bagley, E.
Bailey, G.
Bailey, G. W.
Bailey, Percy Andrew
Baimbrigge, Charles R.
Baines, Rich
Balkic, Cerin
Bamfi, Ugo
Banfield, Frederick J.
Bannon, John
Barbara, Catherine
Barbara, Saude
Barker, A.
Barker, Ernest T.
Barker, Reginald Lomond
Barker, T.
Barlow, C.
Barlow, George
Barnes, Charles "Chas"
Barnes, Frederick
Barnes, J.
Barrett, A.
Barrett, F. W.
Barringer, Arthur William
Barrow, Charles
Barrows, William
Barry, Julia
Barton, David
Barton, S. J.
Basilico, Giovanno
Bateman, Robert James
Baumann, John D.
Baxter, F.
Baxter, H. R.
Baxter, Quigg Edmond
Bazzi, Narciso
Beattie, F.
Beattie, Thomson
Beauchamp, Henry James
Beavan, William Thomas
Bedford, William Barnet
Beedman, George
Beere, William
Bell, Joseph
Bendell, T.
Bengtsson, John Viktor
Benham, Frederick
Bennett, George
Benville, E.
Berglund, Karl Ivar Sven
Bernardi, Baptiste
Berriman, William S.
Bertoldo, Fioravante Giuseppe
Bessant, E.
Bessant, W.
Best, E.
Betros, Tannous
Beux, David
Bevis, J.
Biddlecombe, C.
Bietrix, G.
Biggs, E.
Billows, J.
Birkeland, Hans
Birnbaum, Jakob
Bishop, Walter
Bjorklund, Ernst Herbert
Black, A.
Black, D.
Blackman, H.
Blackwell, Stephen Weart
Blake, Seaton
Blake, T.
Blancy, J.
Blann, Eustace
Blumet, Jean Baptiste
Bochet, Pietro Giuseppe
Bochetez, J.
Bogie, L. N.
Bolhuis, Hendrik
Bond, William John
Boothby, W.
Borebank, John James
Bostandyeff, Guentcho
Boston, W.
Botsford, William Hull
Bott, W.
Boughton, E.
Boulos, Akar
Boulos, Hanna
Boulos, Joseph (Sultana)
Boulos, Laura
Bourke, Catherine
Bourke, John
Bourke, Mary
Bowen, David
Bowenur, Solomon
Boyd, John
Boyes, H.
Bracken, James H.
Bradley, F.
Bradley, P.
Bradshaw, J.
Brady, John Bertram
Braf, Elin Ester Maria
Brahim, Youssef
Brailey, W. Theodore
Brandeis, Emil
Braund, Lewis Richard
Braund, Owen Harris
Brewe, Arthur Jackson
Brewer, H.
Brewster, G. H.
Bricoux, Roger
Bristow, Robert C.
Bristowe, H.
Brobeck, Karl Rudolf
Brocklebank, William Alfred
Brookman, J.
Brooks, J.
Broom, H.
Broome, Athol
Brown, J.
Brown, Mr J.
Brown, Thomas William Solomon
Brown, W.
Bryhl, Kurt Arnold Gottfrid
Buckley, H.
Buckley, Katherine
Bull, W.
Bulley, H. A.
Bunmell, F.
Burke, Jeremiah
Burns, Mary Delia
Burr, Ewart Sydenham
Burroughs, A.
Burton, Edward John
Butler, Reginald Fenton
Butt, Archibald Willingham
Butt, Robert
Butt, W.
Butterworth, J.
Byles, Thomas Roussel David
Byrne, J. E.
Cacic, Grego
Cacic, Luka
Cacic, Manda
Cacic, Maria
Calderwood, H.
Calic, Peter
Camner, J.
Campbell, Donald S.
Campbell, William
Canavan, Mary
Canavan, Patrick
Cann, Ernest
Caram (Kareem), Joseph
Caram (Kareem), Maria Elias
Carbines, William
Carlsson, August Sigfrid
Carlsson, Carl Robert
Carlsson, Frans Olof
Carlsson, Frans Olof
Carlsson, Julius
Carney, William
Carr, Jeannie
Carr, Richard Stephen
Carrau, Francisco M.
Carrau, Jose Pedro
Carter, Ernest Courtenay
Carter, James
Carter, Lilian Hughes
Cartwright, James Edward
Carver, Alfred John
Casali, Giulio
Case, Howard Brown
Casey, T.
Casswill, Charles
Castleman, Edward
Caunt, W.
Cave, Herbert
Cavendish, Tyrell William
Cecil, C.
Celotti, Francesco
Chaffee, Herbert Fuller
Chapman, Charles Henry
Chapman, Elizabeth Lawry
Chapman, John Henry
Charboison, A.
Charman, John
Charters, David
Chebab, Emir Farres
Cherrett, William Victor
Cheverton, W. F.
Chisholm, Roderick Robert
Chisnall, G.A.
Chitty, Archibald George
Chitty, G.
Chorley, J.
Christmann, Emil
Christmas, H.
Chronopoulos, Apostolos
Chronopoulos, Demetrios
Clark, T.
Clark, Walter Miller
Clarke, Charles V.
Clarke, John Frederick Preston
Clench, George
Clifford, George Quincy
Coe, H.
Coelho, Domingos Fernandes
Colbert, Patrick
Coleff, Fotio
Coleff, Peyo
Coleman, Albert Edward
Coleman, John
Coleridge, Reginald Charles
Collander, Erik Gustaf
Colley, Edward Pomeroy
Collyer, Harvey
Compton, Alexander Taylor jr
Conlin, Thomas Henry
Connaghton, Michael
Connolly, Kate
Connors, Patrick
Conway, P. W.
Cook, George
Cook, Jacob
Coombs, C.
Cooper, H.
Cooper, James
Copperthwaite, B.
Cor, Bartol
Cor, Ivan
Cor, Ludovik
Corben, E. T.
Corbett, Walter H.
Corcoran, D.
Corey, Percy C.
Corn, Harry
Cornaire, M.
Cotterill, Harry
Cotton, A.
Couch, Frank
Couch, J.
Coutin, Auguste Louis
Cox, William Denton
Coxon, Daniel
Coy, F.E.G.
Crabb, H.
Crafton, John Bertram
Crease, Ernest James
Creese, Henry Philip
Cribb, John Hatfield
Crisp, Albert Hector
Crispin, William
Crosbie, J. B.
Crosby, Edward Gifford
Cross, W.
Crovella, Luigi (Louis)
Crumplin, C.
Cumings, John Bradley
Cunningham, Alfred Fleming
Cunningham, B.
Curtis, A.
Dahlberg, Gerda Ulrika
Dakic, Branko
Danbom, Anna Sigrid Maria Brogren
Danbom, Ernst Gilbert
Danbom, Gilbert Sigvard Emanuel
Danoff, Yoto
Dantchoff, Khristo
Dashwood, William G.
Davidson, Thornton
Davies, Alfred
Davies, Charles Henry
Davies, Evan
Davies, Gordon
Davies, J.
Davies, John
Davies, Joseph
Davies, R. J.
Davies, T.
Davis, Stephen J.
Davison, Thomas Henry
Dawson, James
De Breucq, M.
de Brito, Jose Joaquim
De Marsico, Gianni
Deacon, Percy
Dean, Bertram
Dean, G. H.
Deeble, A.
del Carlo, Sebastiano
Delalic, Regyo
Denbury, Herbert
Denkoff, Mito
Dennarsico, Mr.
Dennis, Samuel
Dennis, William
Derrett, A.
Deslands, Percival Stainer

Desvernini, L.
Dewan, Frank
Dibden, William
Dibo, Elias
Dickson, W.
Dimic, Jovan
Dineage, James Richard
Dintcheff, Valtcho
Dodd, E.C.
Dodd, George Charles
Dodds, H.W. "Renny"
Doharr, Tannous
Dolby, J.
Donati, Italo Francesco
Donoghue, F.
Dooley, Patrick
Dornier, S.
Doughty, W.
Douglas, Walter Donald
Downton, William James
Doyle, Elizabeth
Doyle, Lawrence.
Drazonovic, Josef
Drew, James Vivian
Duffy, William
Dulles, William Crothers
Dunford, W.
Dyer, Henry Ryland
Dyer, William
Dyker, Adolf Fredrik
Eagle, A. J.
Eastman, Charles
Econovic, Joso
Edbroke, F.
Ede, G. B.
Edge, F. W.
Edvardsson, Gustaf Hjalmar
Edwards, C.
Egg, W. H.
Eitemiller, George Floyd
Eklund, Hans Linus
Ekström, Johan
Elias, Joseph
Elias, Joseph jr.
Elias, Tannous
Elliott, Everett Edward
Elsbury, James
Emmeth, Thomas
Enander, Ingvar
Ennis, W.
Ervine, Albert George
Evans, Edith Corse
Evans, George
Evans, George
Evans, William
Everett, Thomas James
Fahlstrøm, Arne Jonas
Fairall, H.
Fanette, M.
Farquharson, William Edward
Farrell, James
Farrendon, E.
Farthing, John
Faunthorpe, Harry
Fay, Thomas
Fei, Carlo
Fellows, A.
Feltham, G.
Fenton, F.
Ferrary Auto
Ferris, W.
Fillbrook, Charles
Finch, H.
Fisher, Eberhard Thelander
Fitzpatrick, H.
Fletcher, P. W.
Flynn, James
Flynn, John
Foley, Joseph
Foley, William
Ford, Arthur
Ford, Doolina Margaret
Ford, E.
Ford, Edward Watson
Ford, F.
Ford, H.
Ford, Maggie
Ford, Margaret Ann
Ford, Neil Watson
Ford, Thomas
Foreman, Benjamin Laventall
Fortune, Charles Alexander
Fortune, Mark
Foster, A.
Fox, Patrick
Fox, Stanley H.
Fox, W. T.
Frankin, Alan Vincent
Franklin, Charles
Franklin, Thomas Parham
Fraser, J.
Fraser, James
Freeman, Ernest Edward Samuel
Frost, Anthony "Archie" W.
Fry, Richard
Funk, Annie C.
Futrelle, Jacques
Fynney, Joseph J.
Gale, Harry
Gale, Shadrach
Gallagher, Martin
Gardner, F.
Garfirth, John
Gaskell, Alfred
Gatti, L.
Gavey, Lawrence
Geddes, Richard Charles
Gee, Arthur H.
Geer, A.
Giglio, Victor
Gilardino, V.
Gilbert, William
Giles, Edgar
Giles, Frederick
Giles, J.
Giles, Ralph
Gilinski, Leslie
Gill, John W.
Gill, Joseph Stanley
Gill, P.
Gillespie, William
Givard, Hans Kristensen
Golder, M. W.
Goldschmidt, George B.
Goldsmith Nathan
Goldsmith, Frank John
Gollop, C.
Goncalves, Manuel Estanslas
Goodwin, Augusta
Goodwin, Charles E.
Goodwin, Frederick
Goodwin, Harold V.
Goodwin, Jessie A.
Goodwin, Lillian A.
Goodwin, Sidney L.
Goodwin, William F.
Gordon, J.
Goree, Frank
Goshawk, Arthur James
Gosling, Bertram James
Gosling, S.
Graham, George Edward
Graves, S.
Green, G.
Green, George
Greenberg, Samuel
Gregory, David
Grodidge, E.
Grønnestad, Daniel Danielsen
Gros, Claude G.
Guest, Robert
Guggenheim, Benjamin
Gumery, George
Gunn, J. A.
Gustafsson, Alfred Ossian
Gustafsson, Anders Vilhelm
Gustafsson, Johan Birger
Gustafsson, Karl Gideon
Gwinn, William Logan
Haas, Aloisia
Hagardon, Kate
Hagland, Ingvald Olsen
Hagland, Konrad Mathias Reiersen
Hakkarainen, Pekka Pietari
Hale, Reginald
Hall, F.
Hall, J.
Hallett, George.
Hamblyn, Ernest William
Hamilton, E.
Hampe, Leon
Hands, B.
Hannam, G.
Hansen, Claus
Hansen, Henrik Juul
Hansen, Henry Damsgaard
Harbeck, William H.
Harding, A.
Harknett, Alice
Harmer, Abraham
Harper, John
Harrington, Charles
Harris, C. H.
Harris, C. W.
Harris, E.
Harris, E.
Harris, F.
Harris, Henry Birkhardt
Harris, Walter
Harrison, Norman
Harrison, William
Hart, Benjamin
Hart, Henry
Hart, Thomas
Hartley, Wallace Henry
Harvey, Herbert Gifford
Hasgood, R.
Haslin, J.
Hassan, M. Houssein
Hatch, H.
Hawkesworth, John
Hawksworth, W.
Hays, Charles Melville
Hayter, Arthur
Head, A.
Head, Christopher
Hegarty, Nora
Heinen, J.
Heininen, Wendla Maria
Hemming, Nora
Hendekovic, Ignaz
Hendy, Edward Martin
Henery, Delia
Henriksson, Jenny Lovisa
Hensford, J.
Herman, Samuel
Hesketh, James H.
Hewett, T.
Hickman, Leonard Mark
Hickman, Lewis
Hickman, Stanley George
Hill, H. P.,
Hill, J.
Hill, J.
Hilliard, Herbert Henry
Hiltunen, Marta
Hinckley, G.
Hine, W.
Hinton, W.
Hipkins, William Edward
Hiscock, S.
Hoare, Leonard James
Hocking, George
Hocking, Samuel James
Hodge, Charles
Hodges, Henry Price
Hodges, W.
Hodgkinson Leonard
Hogg, Charles William
Hogue, E.
Hold, Stephen
Holland, T.
Holloway, Sidney
Holm, John Frederik Alexander
Holman, Harry
Holthen, Johan Martin
Holverson, Alexander Oskar
Hood, Ambrose, Jr
Hopkins, F.
Horgan, John
Hosgood, R.
Hosking. George Fox
House, William
Howard, Benjamin
Howard, Ellen Truelove
Howell, A.
Hoyt, William Fisher
Hughes, W. T.
Humblen, Adolf Mathias Nicolai Olsen
Humby, F.
Hume, John Law
Humphreys, Toms H.
Hunt, George Henry
Hunt, T.
Hurst, Charles John
Hutchinson, J.
Hutchinson, John Hall
Ide, H.
Ilieff, Ylio
Ilmakangas, Ida Livija
Ilmakangas, Pieta Sofia
Ingram, C.
Ingrouville, H.
Ings, W.
Instance, T.
Isham, Anne Elizabeth
Ivanoff, Konio
Jackson, H.
Jacobsohn, Sidney Samuel
Jacobson, John
Jago, J.
Jaillet, H.
James, Thos
Janaway, William Frank
Janin, Claude Marie
Jardin, Jose Netto
Jarvis, John Denzil
Jarvis, W.
Jeffery, William Alfred
Jefferys, Clifford
Jefferys, Ernest
Jenkin, Stephen Curnow
Jenner, Harry
Jensen, Charles Valdemar
Jensen, Hans Peder
Jensen, Niels Peder
Jensen, Svend Lauritz
Joas, N.
Johanson, Jakob Alfred
Johansson, Erik
Johansson, Gustaf Joel
Johansson, Karl Johan
Johansson, Nils
Johnson, Alfred
Johnson, H.
Johnson, Malkolm Joackim
Johnson, William Cahoone Jr.
Johnston, Andrew G.
Johnston, Andrew G.
Johnston, Catherine H.
Johnston, William A.
Jones, A. E.
Jones, Albert
Jones, Charles Cresson
Jones, H.
Jones, Reginald V.
Jonkoff, Lazor
Jönsson, Nils Hilding
Jouanmault, G.
Jukes, J.
Julian, Henry Forbes
Jupe, Herbert
Jussila, Aina Maria
Jussila, Katriina
Kallio, Nikolai Erland
Kalvik, Johannes Halvorsen
Kantor, Sinai
Karajic, Milan
Karlsson, Julius Konrad Eugen
Karlsson, Nils August
Karnes, Claire Bennett
Kassem, Fared
Keane, Andrew
Keane, Daniel
Kearl, C.
Kearl, G.
Keefe, Arthur
Keegan, James "Jas"
Keeping, Edwin
Kekic, Tido
Kelland, T.
Kelly, James
Kelly, James
Kelly, Jas
Kelly, William
Kemp, Thomas Hulman
Kenchenten, Fredrick
Kennell, C.
Kent, Edward Austin
Kenyon, Frederick R.
Kenzler, August
Kerley, W. T.
Kerr, T.
Ketchley, H.
Khalil, Betros
Khalil, Saad
Khalil, Zahie
Kieran, Michael
Kiernan, James W.
Kiernan, John
Kiernan, Philip
Kilgannon, Thomas
King, A.
King, Ernest Waldron
King, Thomas W.
Kingscote, William Ford
Kink, Maria
Kink, Vincenz
Kinsella, L.
Kirkham, J.
Kirkland, Charles Leonard
Kitching, A.
Klaber, Herman
Klasén, Gertrud Emilia
Klasén, Hulda Kristina
Klasén, Klas Albin
Klein, H.
Knight, L. G.
Knight, Robert
Kraeff, Theodor
Krins, Georges
Kvillner, Johan Henrik Johannesson
Lacey, W.
Lahowd, Sarkis
Lahtinen, Anna Sylvan
Lahtinen, William
Lahy, T. E.
Laitinen, Kristina Sofia
Lake, William
Laleff, Kristo
Lam, Len
Lamb, John James
Lane, A. E.
Lane, Patrick
LaRoche, Joseph LeMercier
Larsson, August Viktor
Larsson, Bengt Edvin
Larsson-Rondberg, Edvard
Latimer, Andrew
Lawrence, A.
Leader, A.
Lee, H.
Lefebre, Henry
Lefebre, Ida
Lefebre, Jeannie
Lefebre, Mathilde
Lefever, G.
Leinonen, Antti Gustaf
Lemberopolous, Peter L.
Lemom, Denis
Lemon, Mary
Leonard, Lionel
Leonard, M.
Lester, James
Levett, G.
Levy, Rene Jacques
Lewy, Ervin G.
Leyson, Robert William Norman
Light, C.
Light, C.
Light, W.
Lindahl, Agda V.
Lindblom, Augusta Charlotta
Lindeberg-Lind, Erik Gustaf
Lindell, Edvard Bengtsson
Lindell, Elin Gerda
Linehan, Michael
Ling, Lee
Lingane, John
Lithman, Simon
Lloyd, Humphrey
Lloyd, W.
Lobb, Cordelia Stanlicke
Lobb, William Arthur
Locke, A.
Lockyer, Edward
Long, F.
Long, Milton Clyde
Long, W.
Longmiur, J.
Loring, Joseph Holland
Louch, Charles Alexander
Lovell, J.
Lovell, John Hall
Lundahl, Johan
Lydiatt, Charles
Lyntakoff, Stanko
Lyons, William Henry
Mabey, J.
Mack, Mary
MacKay, George William
Mackie, G. W.
Mackie, W.D.
Mäenpää, Matti Alexanteri
Maguire, John Edward
Mahon, Delia
Maisner, Simon
Major, E.
Mäkinen, Kalle Edvard
Malachard, Noel
Mallet, Albert
Mangan, Mary
Mangiavacchi, Serafino Emilio
Mansour, Hanna
Mantle, R.
March, John Starr
Mardirosian, Sarkis
Marinko, Dmitri
Markim, Johann
Markoff, Marin
Marks, J.
Marrett, G.
Marriott, J. W.
Marsh, F.
Marvin, Daniel Warner
Maskell, L.
Mason, J.
Matherson, David
Mathias, Montague Vincent
Matinoff, Nicola
Matthews, William John
Mattman, Adolf
Maxwell, John
May, Arthur
May, Arthur William
Maybery, Frank H.
Mayo, W.
Maytum, Alfred
McAndrew, Thos
McAndrews, W.
McCaffry, Thomas Francis
McCarthy, Timothy J.
McCarty, F.
McCastlen, W.
McCawley, T. W.
McCrae, Arthur Gordon
McCrie, James Matthew
McElroy, Hugh Walter
McElroy, Michael
McGarvey, E.
McGaw, E.
McGrady, James
McGregor, J.
McInerney, T.
McKane, Peter D.
McMahon, Martin
McMullen, J.
McMurray, W.
McNamee, Eileen O’Leary
McNamee, Neal
McQuillan, William
McRae, William
McReynolds, W.
Meanwell, Marion Ogden
Mechen, John
Meek, Annie Louise Rowley
Melkebuk, Philemon
Mellor, A.
Meo, Alfonso
Meyer, August
Meyer, Edgar Joseph
Middleton, Alfred Pirrie
Middleton, M. V.
Mihoff, Stoytcho
Miles, Frank
Milford, George
Millar, Robert
Millar, Thomas
Millet, Francis Davis
Milling, Jacob Christian
Minahan, William Edward
Mineff, Ivan
Minkoff, Lazar
Mintram, W.
Mirko, Dika
Mishellany, A.
Mitchell, Henry Michael
Mitchell, Laurance
Mitkoff, Mito
Moen, Sigurd Hansen
Molson, Harry Markland
Monoros, J.
Monteverdi, J.
Montvila, Juozas (Joseph)
Moody, James Paul
Moore, A. E.
Moore, Clarence Bloomfield
Moore, Leonard Charles
Moore, R.
Moores, R.
Moran, Daniel J.
Moran, James
Moraweck, Ernest
Morgan, T.
Morgan, W.
Morley, Henry Samuel
Morley, William
Morrell, R.
Morris, A.
Morris, W.
Morrow, Thomas Rowan
Moss, William
Moutal, Rahamin
Moyes, William Young
Mudd, Thomas C.
Mullen, Thomas A.
Müller, L.
Murdlin, Joseph
Murdoch, William McMaster
Myhrman, Pehr Fabian Oliver Malkolm
Myles, Thomas Francis
Nahill, Toufik
Naidenoff, Penko
Nancarrow, William Henry
Nankoff, Minko
Nannini, F.
Nasr, Mustafa
Nasser (Nasrallah), Nicholas
Nassr, Saade Jean
Natsch, Charles H.
Naughton, Hannah
Navratil, Michel
Nemaugh, Robert
Nenkoff, Christo
Nesson, Israel
Nettleton, G.
Newell, Arthur Webster
Newman, Charles Thomas
Nicholls, Joseph Charles
Nicholls, T.
Nichols, A. D.
Nichols, Alfred
Nicholson, Arthur Ernest
Nieminen, Manta Josefina
Niklasson, Samuel
Nilsson, August Ferdinand
Nirva, Iisakki, Äijö
Noon, John
Norman, Robert Douglas
Norris, J.
Noss, Bertram Arthur
Nosworthy, Richard Cater
Novel, Mansouer
Nysveen, Johan H.
O'Brien, Denis
O'Brien, Thomas
O'Connell, Patrick D.
O'Connor, Maurice
O'Connor, Patrick
O'Connor, Thomas Peter
Ödahl, Nils Martin
Olive, C.
Olive, Ernest R.
O'Loughlin, William Francis Norman
Olsen, Charlie (Carl)
Olsen, Henry Margido
Olsen, Ole M.
Olsson, Elida
Olsson, Nils Johan
O'Neill, Bridget
Oreskovic, Jeko
Oreskovic, Luka
Oreskovic, Marija
Orpet, Walter Hayward
Orr, J.
Osborne, W.
Osén, Olof Elon
Østby, Engelhart Cornelius
O'Sullivan, Bridget
Otter, Richard
Ovies y Rodriguez, Servando
Owen, L.
Pacey, R. J.
Pacherat, J.
Paice, Richard Charles John
Pain, Alfred
Painter, Charles
Painter, Frank
Paintin, James Arthur
Palles, T.
Pålsson, Alma Cornelia Berglund
Pålsson, Gösta Leonard
Pålsson, Paul Folke
Pålsson, Stina Viola
Pålsson, Torborg Danira
Pand, G.
Panula, Eino Viljami
Panula, Ernesti Arvid
Panula, Jaako Arnold
Panula, Juha Niilo
Panula, Maria Emilia Ojala
Panula, Urho Abraham
Parker, Clifford R.
Parkes, Francis "Frank"
Parr, William Henry Marsh
Parsons, E.
Parsons, Frank Alfred
Parsons, R.
Partner, Austin
Pasic, Jakob
Patchett, George
Paulner, Uscher
Pavlovic, Stefo
Payne, Vivian Arthur Ponsonby
Peacock, Alfred Edward
Peacock, Mrs Benjamin
Peacock, Treasteall
Pearce, A. E.
Pearce, Ernest
Pears, Thomas
Pecruic, Mate
Pecruic, Tome
Pedersen, Olaf
Pedrini, Alex
Peduzzi, Joseph
Pekoniemi, Edvard
Peltomäki, Nikolai Johannes
Penasco y Castellana, Victor de Satode
Pengelly, Frederick
Pennell, F.
Penny, W. C.
Penrose, J.
Perkin, John Henry
Perkins, L.
Pernot, Rene
Perotti, Alfonsi
Perrin, W. C.
Perriton, Hubert Prouse
Perry, H.
Peruschitz, Joseph M.
Peters, Katie
Petersen, Marius
Petrachio, A.
Petrachio, S.
Petranec, Matilda
Petroff, Nedeca
Petroff, Pentcho
Petterson, Johan Emil
Pettersson, Ellen Natalia
Petty, Edwin Henry
Phillips, G.
Phillips, John George
Phillips, Robert
Phillips, Walter John
Piatti, L.
Piazza, P.
Pitfield, W.
Platt, W.
Plotcharsky, Vasil
Poggi, E.
Ponesell, Martin
Pook, P.
Porter, Walter Chamberlain
Preston, Thomas
Price, Ernest
Prideaux, J. A.
Proctor, Charles
Proudfoot, R.
Pryce, W.
Pugh, Percy
Pulbaum, Frank
Pusey, John E.
Radeff, Alexander
Raibid, Razi
Randall, F. H.
Ranson, James "Jas"
Rattenbury, William Henry
Ratti, E.
Read, J.
Reed, Charles
Reed, James George
Reed, R.
Reeves, David
Reeves, F.
Reghini, Sante

Renouf, Peter Henry
Reuchlin, Jonkheer John George
Revell, William
Reynolds, Harold
Ricaldone, Rinaldo
Rice, Albert
Rice, Arthur
Rice, Eric
Rice, Eugene
Rice, George
Rice, John Reginald
Rice, Margaret Norton
Rice, P.
Richard, Emil
Richards, Joseph James
Rickman, G.
Ricks, Cyril G.
Ridout, W.
Rigozzi, A.
Riihivuori, Susanna "Sanni"
Rimmer, Gilbert
Ringhini, Sante
Rintamäki, Matti
Risien, Emma
Risien, Samuel
Robbins, Victor
Roberton, G. E.
Roberts, F.
Roberts, G.
Roberts, H.
Robins, Alexander A.
Robins, Charity Laury
Robinson, James William
Roebling, Washington Augustus II
Rogers, Edward James William
Rogers, Harry
Rogers, M.
Rogers, William John
Rommetvedt, Karl Kristian Knut
Rood, Hugh R.
Rosblom, Helena Wilhelmina
Rosblom, Salli Helena
Rosblom, Viktor Richard
Rosenshine, George
Ross, John Hugo
Rothschild, Martin
Rotto, Angelo
Rous, Arthur J.
Rouse, Richard Henry
Rousseau, P.
Rowe, Alfred G.
Rowe, M.
Rudd, Henry
Rush, Alfred George John
Russell, Richard
Ryan, Patrick
Ryan, T.
Ryerson, Arthur Larned
Saad, Amin
Saad, Khalil
Sacaggi, G.
Sadlier, Matthew
Sadowitz, Harry
Sæther, Simon Sivertsen
Sage, Ada
Sage, Annie
Sage, Constance
Sage, Dorothy
Sage, Douglas
Sage, Frederick
Sage, George
Sage, John
Sage, Stella
Sage, Thomas
Sage, William
Salander, Karl Johan
Salonen, Johan Werner
Salussolia, Giovenz
Samaan, Elias
Samaan, Hanna
Samaan, Youssef
Samuel, O. W.
Sangster, Charles
Saundercock, William Henry
Saunders, D. E
Saunders, T.
Saunders, W.
Saunders, W.
Sawyer, Frederick
Sawyer, R. J.
Scanlan, James
Scavino, C.
Scott, Archibald
Scott, Mr
Scovell, R.
Sdycoff, Todor
Sedgwick, Charles Frederick Waddington
Self, A.
Seman, Betros
Serota, Maurice
Sesea, Gino
Sevier, W.
Sharp, Percival
Shaughnesay, Patrick
Shaw, H.
Shea, John
Shea, Thomas
Shedid (Sitik), Daher (Docart)
Shellard, Frederick B.
Shepherd, Jonathan
Shilabeer, Charles
Shorney, Charles
Siebert, Sidney Conrad
Silvey, William Baird
Simmons, F. G.
Simmons, John
Simmons, W.
Simpson, John Edward
Sirayanian, Arsun
Sivic, Husen
Sivola, Antti
Sjöstedt, Ernst Adolf
Skeats, W.
Skinner, Edward
Skinner, Henry John
Skoog, Anna Bernhardina Karlsson
Skoog, Harald
Skoog, Karl
Skoog, Mabel
Skoog, Margit
Skoog, William
Slabenoff, Petco
Slemen, Richard James
Slight, H. J.
Slight, W.
Sloan, Peter
Slocovski, Selman
Small, William
Smart, John Montgomery
Smiljanovic, Mile
Smillie, J.
Smith (Schmidt), Augustus
Smith, C.
Smith, Charles Edwin
Smith, Edward John
Smith, Ernest George
Smith, F.
Smith, J.
Smith, James Clinch
Smith, James M.
Smith, John Richard Jago
Smith, Lucien Philip
Smith, Mr
Smith, R. G.
Smith, Richard William
Smith, William
Smither, H.
Snape, Lucy Violet Lennard
Snellgrove, G.
Snooks, W.
Sobey, Hayden
Søholt, Peter Andreas Lauritz Andersen
Solvang, Lena Jacobsen
Somerton, Francis William
Spector, Woolf
Spencer, William Augustus
Stafford, M.
Stagg, John Henry
Stanbrook, Augustus
Staneff, Ivan
Stankovic, Jovan
Stanley, Edward Roland
Stanton, Samuel Ward
Stead, William Thomas
Stebbing, S.
Steel, Robert Edward
Stewart, Albert A.
Stocker, H.
Stokes, Philip Joseph
Stone, E.
Stone, Edward Thomas
Storey, Thomas
Stoyehoff, Ilia
Strandberg, Ida Sofia
Straus, Ida Blun
Straus, Isidor
Strilic, Ivan
Ström, Elna Matilda Persson
Ström, Telma (Selma) Matilda
Stroud, E. A. O.
Stroud, H.
Strugnell, John "Jno"
Stubbings, H.
Stubbs, H.
Sullivan, S.
Sutehall,Henry, Jr
Sutton, Frederick
Svensson, Johan
Svensson, Olof
Swan, W.
Swane, George
Sweet, George
Symonds, J.
Talbot, George Fredrick Charles
Tamlyn, Fredrick
Tannous, Thomas
Taussig, Emil
Taylor, C.
Taylor, C.
Taylor, J.
Taylor, L.
Taylor, Percy Cornelius
Taylor, T.
Taylor, W.
Terrell, Bertram
Testoni, Ercole
Teuton, Thomas M.
Thayer, John Borland
Thayler, M.
Theobald, Thomas Leonard
Thomas, Charles
Thomas, J.
Thomas, John
Thomas, John, Jr
Thompson, H.
Thomson, Alexander
Thorley, W.
Thorneycroft, Percival
Tietz, C.
Tikkanen, Juho
Tizard, Arthur
Tobin, Roger
Todoroff, Lalio
Toerber, Ernest William
Tomlin, Ernest Portage
Topp, T.
Torfa, Assad
Toshack, James Adamson
Tozer, James
Troupiansky, Moses Aaron
Tucker, B.
Turcin, Stefan
Turley, R.
Turner, George Frederick
Turner, L.
Turpin, Dorothy Ann Wonnacottt
Turpin, William John
Turvey, Charles
Urbini, Robert
Uruchurtu, Manuel E.
Uzelas, Joso
Valassori, Ettera
Van Billiard, Austin Blyler
Van Billiard, James William
Van Billiard, Walter John
Van de Velde, John Joseph
van der Brugge, Wessel Adrianus
Van der Planke, Augusta
Van der Planke, Emilie
Van der Planke, Jules
Van der Planke, Leon
Van der Steen, Leo Peter
Van Derhoef, Wyckoff
Van Impe, Catharine
Van Impe, Jean Baptiste
Van Impe, Rosalie Govaert
Vandewalle, Nestor Cyriel
Vassilios, Catavelas
Veal, A.
Veal, T.
Veale, James
Vear, H.
Vear, W.
Vendel, Olof Wdvin
Vereruysse, Victor
Veström, Hulda Amanda Adolfina
Vicat, J.
Vilvarlarge, P.
Vine, H.
Vioni, R.
Voegelin, Hans (Johannes)
Vonk, Jenko
Waelens, Achille
Wake, S.
Walker, William Anderson
Wallis, Mrs. W.
Walpole, John
Walsh, Katherine
Ward, Arthur
Ward, E.
Ward, J.
Ward, P.
Wardner, Fred
Ware, Frederick
Ware, John James
Ware, William J.
Wareham, Robert Arthur
Warren, Charles William
Warren, Frank Manley
Warwick, F.
Wateridge, Edward Lewis
Watson, Ennis Hastings
Watson, W.
Watson, W.
Wazli, Yousif
Weatherstone, Thomas
Webb, Brooke
Webb, S.
Webber, Francis Albert
Webber, James
Weir, John
Weisz, Leopold
Welch, W. H.
Wenzel, Linhart
West, Edwy Arthur
Wheadon, Edward
Wheeler, Edwin
White, A.
White, J.
White, L.
White, Percival Wayland
White, Richard Frasar
White, William George
Whitford, A. H.
Wick, George Dennick
Widegren, Charles Peter
Widener, George Dunton
Widener, Harry Elkins
Wiklund, Jakob Alfred
Wiklund, Karl Johan
Wilde, Henry Tingle
Willer, Aaron
Willey, Edward
Williams, A.
Williams, Charles Duane
Williams, E.
Williams, Fletcher Lambert
Williams, Howard Hugh
Williams, Leslie
Williamson, James Bertram
Willis, W.
Wilson, Bertie
Wilton, William
Wiltshire, W.
Windeløv, Einar
Wirz, Albert
Wiseman, Phillippe
Witcher, A.
Witt, F.
Witt, Henry
Wittevrongel, Camiel
Wittman, H.
Wood, J. T.
Woodford, H.
Woods, H.
Woodward, John Wesley
Woody, Mr Oscar Scott
Wormald, Frederick William
Wrapson, Frederick Bernard
Wright, Fredrick
Wright, George
Wyeth, James
Yasbeck, Antoni
Young, Francis James
Youseff, Gerious
Yrois, Henriette
Zabour, Hileni
Zabour, Tamini
Zakarian, Artun
Zakarian, Maprieder
Zarracchi, L.
Zievens, Rene
Zimmerman, Leo

Some of these brave men and women died innocently and others died so that others might live.