Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Titanic Gazette Souvenir Shop

Monday, February 25, 2008

The Debris Field

As the TITANIC sank, it broke between the 3rd and 4th funnel and spilled tons of bowls, dishes, and objects that were in the stern. Here are some of those things:

this top hat would have fallen from someone in the water

This bag would have belonged to the purser and is filled with valuables.

This is the very bell that was rung when the two lookouts spotted the iceberg!

These whistles would have fallen off one of the smokestacks

Thousands of dishes litter the sea bed. The image above is of dishes that would not be seen if the crate
or cabinet had not rotted away.

In the image above, you might be able to recognize a head board to a first class cabin, a wine bottle still sealed with a cork, and other things

Around 40 tons of coal fell out of the ship


This would have been the arm rest to one of the benches on the poop deck

Sunday, February 24, 2008

Full Speed Ahead!

The TITANIC had three propellers one in the middle, and two on the sides. The middle one had four blades which had less thrust so that it would not dominate the other two. The ones on the sides had three blades and had more thrust so that they would work together. The two on the sides were at least 38 tons and around 23 feet in diameter. The middle one was at least 22 tons and 16 feet in diameter.

They were made of pure bronze and could last for years without rusting. The blades of that time however, seemed to fall off easily. The Olympic dropped a propeller in the middle of the sea and had to wait for a couple of days to be towed back to shore. The propellers were driven by four turbine engines and a 10 foot long shaft.

The propellers' blades were so powerful, they could be used as giant saws to go through any building. The propellers of the other sister ship of the TITANIC; Britannic, was cutting through the lifeboats and human beings while the captain was trying to beach the BRITANNIC.

All except one of the TITANIC's propellers were buried in the silt when the stern hit the bottom of the ocean at 35 mph. Even today, the port propeller is in perfect shape and does not have a hint of rust (just mud and creatures).

Saturday, February 23, 2008

The Gentleman

Benjamin Guggenheim was born on October 26, 1865 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to the Iron Baron: Meyer Guggenheim. Ben was inherited his fortune after his father died. He married Florette Seligmon in 1894. He later had three daughters named Benita Rosalind,
Marguerita, and Barbara Hazel Guggenheim. They lived in New York but his business as President of the International Steam Pump Company kept him in Paris so he rented an apartment and came home on occasions. He was coming home on the TITANIC to see his family with his valet, Victor Giglio, his chauffer, Rena Pernot and mistress French singer, Leontine Aubert, and her maid, Emma Sagesser. Giglio and Ben shared B-28 while Aubert and Sagesser shared B-35. Both pairs slept through the collision with the iceberg and were woken up by their room steward, Henry Samuel Etches. After seeing the women away on boat No. 7, Ben and Giglio whom realized the danger went down into their cabins, took off their life jackets, and changed into their evening clothes. Ben later said when asked why he didn't have his life jacket on, he said "It was too uncomfortable: we have dressed now in our best and are prepared to go down like gentlemen. he later said to Steward Etches "If anything should happen to me, I'd like my wife to know that I have acted descently. Benjamin Guggenheim and Victor Giglio were last seen sitting in deck chairs sipping brandy and smoking their pipes as the deck listed beneath them. Their bodies were never recovered. Ben's three daughters inherited 450,000 dollars each.

Friday, February 22, 2008

Edith Russell

Edith on the set of the A Night to Remember set

Edith Louis Rosenbaum Russell was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on June 12, 1879. She was a fashion writer, consultant, importer, buyer and stylist Edith Louise Rousen began her career abroad as a saleswoman in 1908 for the Maison Cheruit in the Place Vendome in Paris. Soon, she wrote for the magazine, La Derniere Heure a Paris which was published by Wanamaker Department Store’s Paris bureau and became a sketch artist for the Butterick Pattern Service.

In 1910, Edith was chief foreign correspondent to Women's Wear Daily, sending out weekly fashion marketing reports and occasional collection news to New York from the publication's Paris branch.

In 1912, Edith was operating a successful buying and consulting service based in Paris and designing her own popular retail line of clothes, called ”Elrose,” for Lord & Taylor in New York.

Meanwhile, Edith had created a name for herself as the first professional fashion stylist. The people she did largely entertainment celebrities included Broadway comedienne Ina Claire, Folies Bergere showgirl Mistinguett, and opera diva Geraldine Farrar.

Apart from her eventful public career, Edith had a notable and private life. In 1911 she was seriously injured in an automobile accident in France while driving with friends to attend the races at Deauville. The crash proved fatal for her fiance Ludwig Loewe, a wealthy German gun manufacturer.

Edith boarded the TITANIC to return to America. She was a bit on edge and didn't allow anyone to enter her room.

Edith later said this in an interview about the night of April 14:
"...In the library. The steward has just called out 11.30 'Lights out' so I gave him a few letters to post in the morning, told him I'd pay for the stamps, picked up a book and walked forward to my stateroom, which was on the same deck, A11.
As I got in my stateroom I switched on the electric light and I noticed a slight jar followed immediately by a second one and a third one which was quite strong enough to make me hold on to the bed post.
The boat came to a full stop. I walked forward to my window and saw a greyish white mass drifting by, was very much surprised and decided to take my fur coat and go out on deck to see what was all about. Well, I got out on deck I noticed a gentleman standing by the rail and several people and again, this greyish mass. I said "What on earth is that?" "That? Well, madam, thats an iceberg." "iceberg? I've always wanted to see one of those things since I was a child." "Well you're seeing a corker now. Theres 1/8th above the water and 7/8ths below and believe me, that's some iceberg." So, after that, we picked up bits of ice, played snowballs for a little while. It was very very cold, I asked one of the officers if there was any danger, he said "no" and I went back to bed."
Before she left, she locked all 19 trunks and then double checked. She got to the Boat Deck but then returned to her cabin to get her lucky pig which she had acquired in Paris. She got into Boat No. 6. After the TITANIC sank, she wound the pig's tail and it played music to drown out the cries of those in the water. It was used as entertainment for the children while awaiting rescue. Edith later filed two of the largest damage claims against the ship's owners, the first for financial loss of her merchandise importations and the other for personal injury.

Edith was American press attache to the Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture Francaise between 1914 and 1919. She also served as war correspondent for the “New York Herald” in 1916-17. In 1918 she changed her name to Russell owing to the French fashion industry's boycotting of German-name merchants and other people like that.

In 1923 Russell received a meritorious service award from the Associated Dress Industries of America and in 1925 was recognized for her work during World War I by the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union.

Throughout the 1920s Edith Russell contributed fashion and society news to such magazines as “Cassell’s” in London and “Moda“ in Rome. Though semi-retired from her import business by 1934, she continued traveling, lecturing, and writing.

Her adventures during the next several years included dancing with Mussolini at a dinner party and breeding dogs for Maurice Chevalier. She also made life-long friends with the young British actor Peter Lawford and his parents and spent much time with them at their home in Palm Beach. She was later a godmother to Lawford’s children with the former Patricia Kennedy.

By the mid-1940s Edith Russell, whom had lived in New York and in Paris’ Champs Elysees, made her permanent home in London at Claridge’s and later at the Embassy House Hotel.

In 1953 Edith Russell was invited by Twentieth Century Fox Studios to attend the New York premiere of the film "TITANIC," starring Barbara Stanwyk, Clifton Webb, and Robert Wagner. She was interviewed by “Life” magazine during her stay in America and also met with historian Walter Lord who included her story in his best-selling book “A Night to Remember,” published in 1956.

Russell afterwards served as a technical adviser to producer William MacQuitty on his 1958 film adaptation of Lord’s book. She was portrayed in the movie as well and attended the premiere as MacQuitty‘s guest of honor.

She made the rounds of the press during the later 1950s and throughout the 60s, telling her account of the TITANIC sinking in numerous interviews in newspapers and magazines and on television and radio. The majority of her TV and radio appearances were with the BBC. She generally brought along her legendary musical pig which she played for audiences. She was made an honorary member of the Titanic Historical Society in 1963.

Until the mid 1960s Russell traveled frequently from London to Florence, Italy where she visited her long-time friend, Jeanne Sacerdote, formerly known as the couturiere "Jenny."

Despite her advanced age and physical frailty, Russell remained active and outspoken in her last years. She attended fund-raisers, gave luncheons and teas for visiting friends, tried unsuccessfully to interest publishers in her memoirs, and continued to be interviewed by reporters about the “Titanic.”

On 4 April 1975 Edith Russell died at the Mary Abbott Hospital in London, following a ten day illness. She was 96. (Some excerpts are from Encyclopedia Titanica).

In a dedication to Edith from her husband, he said this:

To Edith
Dedication of Autobiography

Through the long years
I sought peace
I found ecstasy, I found anguish,
I found madness,
I found loneliness,
I found the solitary pain
that gnaws the heart,
But peace I did not find.

Now, old & near my end,
I have known you,
And, knowing you,
I have found both ecstasy & peace
I know rest
After so many lonely years.
I know what life & love may be.
Now, if I sleep
I shall sleep fulfilled.

Bertrand Russell


Edmond (left) and Michel (right)

Marcelle Natravil

Michel Marcel Natravil was born on June 12, 1908 in Nice, France to Marcelle and Michel Natravil. Edmond Roger was born on March 5, 1910. Marcelle and Michel always fought and were never happily married. In early 1912, the couple finally separated and when they went to court, Marcelle got the children. This made Michel upset. When he decided to go to the New World of America he kidnapped the children and while waiting for the TITANIC in Southampton, England he used the name Louis M. Hoffman. He used that name on the ship also and never let his children out of his sight once except when he asked Betha Lehmann to watch them for a few hours. When asked about his wife, he said that she was deceased. No one knows what happened after the iceberg struck except that he put them on Collapsible D and stepped back. His body was recovered and they found a revolver in his pocket. They found out his true identity by papers in his pocket. Michel Jr. and Edmond only understood French and not one of the survivors knew their names so they were labeled the TITANIC ORPHANS by the newspapers and were taken care of by a fellow survivor until their mother recognized them in the papers and came to get them on the Oceanic. They returned back to France where she took care of them. Marcelle escaped the publicity after Michel and Edmond graduated from college and ran away to Australia where she lived under an assumed name. Michel later recalled the TITANIC and said "A magnificent ship!... I remember looking down the length of the hull — the ship looked splendid. My brother and I played on the forward deck and were thrilled to be there. One morning, my father, my brother, and I were eating eggs in the second-class dining room. The sea was stunning. My feeling was one of total and utter well-being." I don't recall being afraid. I remember the pleasure of going 'plop' into the lifeboat." Michel became professor of philosophy and was present when they raised a large portion of the TITANIC'S hull. He visited his father's grave in Nova Scotia for his first and last time. He died on April 18, 2001 at the age of 92. Edmond became an architect and joined the French in WWII. He was taken prisoner of war but escaped. He died in 1953 at the age of 43 from some unknown disease that he picked up in the prison.

Thursday, February 21, 2008

George Widner

George Dunton Widener was born on June 10, 1861 in Philadelphia to Hannah Josephine Dunton and wealthy businessman Peter A.B. Widener. His family came to America in 1752 and fought in the American Revolution. The Widener family was one of the only ones that suffered little or no loss of land nor money from the war. They had been successful ever since. George began as a hard working grocer and then joined his father in business. He became director of the Land Title Bank and Trust Company, Electric Storage Battery Company, a brick company, the Portland Cement Company, and a company which built the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Philadelphia. George Widener took an active interest in charity, was Director of the Philadelphia Academy of Fine Arts, and a member of many social clubs including the Philadelphia Country Club. He married Eleanor Elkins on November 1, 1883. Together they had Harry Elkins Widener, George Eleanor Widener, and George Dunton Widener Jr. When PAB moved into his magnificent Lynnewood Hall Estate in Elkins Park, George, Eleanor, and their children moved with him. George was senior warden at St Paul's Episcopal Church, Elkins Park, and chair of the Board of Commissioners, Cheltenham Township. For the next nine or more years he, Eleanor and their children lived at Lynnewood Hall, attended by dozens of servants. After purchasing a car (French Renault) in Europe, the Wideners were returning home on the TITANIC. Harry, whom was with them, had bought some priceless and rare books at an auction. They met their friends, the Thayers whom lived a short distance from them and their son Jack, (see Jack Thayer) was close to Harry's age. On the night of April 14, 1912, the Wideners hosted a dinner party in the which was very enjoyable. But for most of the people attending, it would be the last party that they would ever have. In the sinking of the TITANIC, Mrs. Widener and her maid had boarded a lifeboat but when Billy Carter had inquired why Harry had not boarded, Harry replied, "stick to the big ship and take a chance". Eleanor sent George to fetch her pearls but when he got back, Eleanor's boat was almost all the way down. George, his valet, and Harry died in the disaster. None of their bodies were ever found. Mrs. Widener refurbished St. Peter's Episcopal Church. In Harvard (the college that Harry was attending), a library was built and named after him. There are 3,500 books and a small shrine in there. The library even today puts flowers there.

Wednesday, February 20, 2008

Edith Evans

Edith Evans was born on September 21, 1875. Her great-grandfather had come to America from England and had built and amassed a huge estate and fortune. Her grandfather had become a fur trader and collected paintings (a few, he donated to the Metropolitian Museum. his daughter, (her mother, Angeline) married Cadwalader Evans whom was a successful stock broker in New York. Edith's father died of kidney failure when she was three. He left her, her sister Lena (aged 6) and her mother. Edith's mother always made sure they went to church and were sincere in all that they did for the Lord. This made Edith and her sister grow strong in the Holy Spirit. Edith had gone to see her cousins in France and was returning home on the TITANIC getting on the ship at Cherbourg and was in cabin E-29 in 1st class. She was very social on board and became friends with the Strausses whom were also from New York. She was carrying over 6,000 dollars in jewels. She was asleep when the iceberg struck. Around 12:00, she was woken up by a steward and told to go up on deck. She and her friend, Caroline Brown were waiting and when they approached the lifeboat, it was the very last one. The officer told them that only one more could board the boat. Edith pushed Caroline forward saying "She has children!". Archibald Gracie came up and said, "We'll get you into the next boat Miss Evans". Nothing is known about her after that. Her body was never was never recovered. There was a plaque in memory of her saying, "In gratitude to God For the memory of EDITH CORSE EVANS who in the midst of life gave herself up for others on the TITANIC XV April MCMXII trusting in Him who hath made the depth of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over Love is Strong as Death." When her family came to her house, they found a will that she had made earlier that year at the age of 33. No one knows why. Perhaps she had known that she was going to die. Edith was one of eight 1st class women that died in the sinking.


Boilers were very important in ships during that time and they worked like steam engines on locomotives and had a hundred men shoveling coal into the boilers a mile a minute and getting a work out. The whole idea of a boiler, of course, is to boil water into steam for propulsion. In designing a boiler, there are two ways to do this. One way is to pipe the water through the hot exhaust gases from the fire, through a series of tubes, and heat the water that way; this is termed a water-tube boiler. The other way to do it is exactly the opposite: fill the boiler with water, and pass the hot exhaust gases through the water and out to the funnel uptakes via a series of tubes. This is termed a fire-tube boiler, the most common type of which (on ships) was the Scotch marine boiler. Stokers worked on shifts and got 10 hours of rest. To pass the time away, they would sing, tell a narrative, converse, and things like that. There were 29 boilers although in all 10 were open during the voyage.

These are things a stoker must know:
"Laying fires - We will describe a normal case of raising steam in a three furnace tank boiler in which, to insure a gradual increase in the temperature of the various parts, and to diminish, as far as practicable, the stresses due to their expansion, the time allowed is rarely less than eight hours. The three furnaces would often be lighted together, and no fixed rule can be given as to the absolutely best procedure in this respect, but the practice of first lighting one furnace only, and after an interval dealing with the others, is perhaps the best plan, and this will be described.

A measured quantity of coal is placed on the floor plates in front of each of the boilers which are to be used; the bars of each furnace should then be “primed” i.e. covered throughout with a layer of average sized pieces of coal. One furnace, usually the lowest, is next “wooded” i.e. pieces of firewood, arranged to facilitate the access of air to all parts, are placed at the furnace mouth over a bed of oily waste, shavings, etc. The wood is next “topped” - i.e. the space between the wood and the furnace crown is filled with pieces of hand picked coal.

"Lighting fires - To light the fires, the oily waste, etc., is kindled; at the same time the furnace door is left wide open, and the ash pit doors closed, so that a good draught is insured through the fire, and the flame is carried over the coal laid on the furnace bars and tends to ignite it. Both the furnace and ash pit doors of the other furnaces are kept closed to prevent the access of cold air. Lighting the fire in one furnace tends to set up circulation in the water, and promotes uniformity of temperature throughout the mass.

As the fire burns it is continually topped with hand picked coal, and after about two hours there will be a fairly substantial fire at the mouth of the furnace. After this has been done, it is usual to light one or both of the wing fires from the fire in the central furnace. These fires are made at the front of the bars and constantly topped with hand picked coal, the furnace and the ash pit doors of these furnaces being arranged similarly to those of the middle furnace. If only one wing furnace is lighted at first, the other would be similarly treated about one hour afterwards.

"Spreading fires - After about four hours the center fire is “spread” - i.e. the fire, which till now has been at the front of the furnace is spread over the partially ignited coal on the remainder of the bars, after which, this furnace door is closed and ash pit door opened, to admit the air underneath the furnace bars and promote the combustion of coal throughout. The other fires are similarly treated at about the fifth or sixth hours, at the discretion of the person in charge."

Stokers were paid 27 english pounds each month. There were several water fountains where if a stoker were extremely parched, they could get a glass of water. Most of the stokers did not survive the sinking. Imagine having to go from the 98 degrees of extreme heat to water 28 degrees fahrenheit. One of the first recognizable features of the debris field leading to the discovery of the TITANIC wreck was a boiler.

Weighing Anchor

starboard anchor of The starboard anchor of the OLYMPIC being either raised or lowered

How the center anchor was raised and lowered

The TITANIC had 5 anchors; two on the stern and three on the bow. The anchors were of course used to hold the ship in place as either passengers were boarding or they were loading cargo. The anchors weighed 15 1/4 tons (34,188 pounds) each.

The center anchor was pulled up and lowered down by the crane which is seen as a sideways triangle on the bow and raised and lowered the center anchor by a series of pulleys. A rope was used on the crane since in could not support the weight of a chain. The rope itself was made of very thin strips on metal which was stronger and could not easily snap as the string rope for the center anchor of the Maurentania did.

The starboard and port anchors of the bow and stern were held by chains and were raised and lowered the way a normal ship today does. The chains themselves weighed 108 pounds per feet and were 175 fathoms long (1 fathom = 1/2 mile). Today, the anchors on the bow are out waiting to be lowered.

Tuesday, February 19, 2008

Know your stuff!

Q. Who was the owner of the TITANIC?
A. Lord Pirrie
B. Joseph Bruce Ismay
C. John Jacob Astor

Q. What year was the TITANIC completed?
A. 1910
B. 1911
C. 1912

Q. How many boilers were on the TITANIC?
A. 10
B. 100
C. 29

Q. Who was the Captain of the TITANIC?
A. Captain Turner
B. Captain Barlett
C. Captain Smith

Q. Which ship was built last?
A. Britannic
C. Olympic

Q. Who was the richest man on board?
A. George Widner
B. John B. Thayer
C. John Jacob Astor

Q. Who spotted the iceberg?
A. Ismay
B. Fleet
C. Smith

Q. How many dogs were on the TITANIC?
A. 7
B. 10
C. 5

Q. How long was the TITANIC?
A. 882 1/2 feet
B. 666 feet
C. 200 feet

Q. How long did it take for the TITANIC to sink?
A. 2 hours
B. 18 minutes
C. 3 hours

Who lead the band?
A. Widner
B. Shine
C. Hartely

What ship rescued the survivors?
A. Lusitania
B. Carpathia
C. Olympic

(I thought quizzing you may help you remember things and also it's fun for children of all ages)

An Actress

Dorothy Winifred Gibson was born on May 7, 1889 to Pauline Boeson and John A. Brown in Hobroken, New Jersey. Her father died when she was three and her mother married John Leonard Gibson. Between 1906 and 1911 she was an actress and was even on the Broadway musical, Dairymaids. She married George Battier Jr. in 1909. She had starred in 1. Roses and Thorns (1912), Saved from the Titanic (1912) .... Miss Dorothy... aka A Survivor of the Titanic (UK), Revenge of the Silk Masks (1912) .... Society Girl, The Easter Bonnet (1912) .... Dora, A Lucky Holdup (1912) .... Miss Barton, The White Aprons (1912), Brooms and Dustpans (1912) .... Kissing Cousin, A Living Memory (1912) .... Her Memory, It Pays to Be Kind (1912) .... Sister The Kodak Contest (1912) .... The Wife The Awakening (1912/I) .... The Sweetheart Love Finds a Way (1912/I) .... Helen The Musician's Daughter (1911) .... Prima Donna Miss Masquerader (1911) .... Heiress, Hands Across the Sea in '76 (1911) .... Molly Pitcher, French Court Beauty, Soldier's Widow, The Angel of the Slums (1911), A Show Girl's Stratagem (1911), and Saved from the Titanic (1912)... aka A Survivor of the Titanic Beyond Titanic (1998) (TV) .... Herself - Titanic survivor. Dorothy was considered "The Harrison Fisher Girl" because she was one of Harrison Fisher whom was the most famous artists of that time's favorite models. Fisher drew hundreds of drawings of her that ended up on the covers of many magazines. She had joined Cinematoragraphes Eclair and was their number one star. Just a week before, she had starred in a movie and was on a holiday in Paris, France. The company wired her telling her to come back because they had made a mistake with the film and accidentally damaged her part of the film. She booked passage and sailed on the TITANIC with her mother and had a cabin on E deck. She carried with her a few dozen pairs of gloves and a 300 dollar ear muff with jet black beads hanging down it. On the night of the sinking, she was playing a game of bridge with her new acquaintances, William Sloper and Fredrick Seward when the steward told them to stop because they were about to turn out the lights. She had just returned to her cabin when she felt a small bump. The bump was so small, that she ignored it and was just about to climb into her bed when her room steward came in, told her to dress warmly, and go up on deck. She put on a sweater and black slippers and went up with her mother. They were put into a lifeboat and then Dorothy dramatically convinced Seward
and Sloper to come in as well. Her lifeboat had a small leak and it was swamped. They all had to sit there with their feet in the water and an allegedly French Baron hogging all the blankets. After they were rescued by the Carpathia, she slept for 26
hours straight. When she got to New York, she was told she was to be the star of the new movie, "Saved from the TITANIC". In the film, she wore the same clothing that she had when the TITANIC sank. Unfortunately, the film was lost in 1914 in a fire. She later divorced in 1916 and married Mr. Brulatour in 1915. They divorced in 1919 after Mr. Brulatour was accused of polygamy. She never remarried. She later moved to Paris where she remained. She was a Nazi sympathizer and was arrested in 1944. She escaped from jail and later died in her Paris hotel room of a heart attack on February 17, 1946 at the age of 56.

Monday, February 18, 2008


The Lusitania was built by Cunard and was sure that this ship would put the White Star Line which was the company that the TITANIC. It was completed on June, 1906 along with it's sister ship, Maurentania. The Lusitania was christened by lady Inverclyde because Lord Inverclyde, (the ship's owner) died earlier that morning. They were the biggest, grandest, and fastest ships afloat and even set a record across the Atlantic Ocean carrying the Blue Riband . The ships had all of the latest technology and the most famous people on board.

The Germans were beginning to attack English ships and sinking them with submersibles. This was often a very common threat. The Maurentania was transformed into a army transport and was rented by the Royal Navy for 150,000 english pounds. The Royal Navy also paid the Cunard 64,000 english pounds to use the Lusitania as a mail transport. There was a submarine (U-20) spotted off the coast of the English Channel, headed straight for the Lusitania.

The Lusitania was told that a submarine was in the area but the wireless operator ignored the message and it didn't go to the bridge. It was 30 miles off the coast of Clear Sound Island. It was May 7, 1915 the passengers were just sitting down to breakfast when a huge explosion erupted. Then, there was a second explosion. Immediately, water started coming into the hold. The order was given by Captain Turner to begin to lower the lifeboats but the crew was already loading and lowering. The lifeboats were lowered so quickly, that some of them were flipped over dumping the passengers into the sea. The Lusitania sank in 18 minutes. On the way down to the bottom, most of the boilers exploded causing great damage to the ship. 1,198 people died out of the 1,959 on board.

The bodies that were not recovered on the shore of Queenstown, Ireland were more than likely trapped in the wreck. Mrs. Stephens was one of the bodies recovered and on the way to America, the ship carrying
her remains was sunk by U-20: the same submersible that killed her on the Lusitania.
Today, the wreck is barely distinguishable except a few bones and personal belongings.

Another Shipwreck

1st class stairs

Storstad after collision

The Empress of Ireland was launched on January 26, 1906 and was 570 feet long and 66 feet wide. She was 9 hours into her voyage from Quebec, Canada to Liverpool, England carrying 1,477 passengers when a blanket of fog came down all of a sudden. It was May 14, 1914 and Captain Henry George Kendall was keeping a lookout for anything. Immediately, there were lights and they were coming closer at a great speed and then it hit the starboard side and scraped a huge hole. Then, the lights vanished. The impact was hardly felt and the water came in at 60,000 gallons a second. Those on the lower decks on the starboard side never even had the chance to wake up before water came over their heads! The only passengers that had the slightest chance of getting a life jacket on were on the top decks. The boats were being lowered quickly but all were full. In all, only 4 lifeboats were launched. Captain Kendall just stood there, watching all those people scream, panic, jump, and Kendall did nothing to regain order. instead, he ordered his Chief officer to help lower the boats. The
Chief Officer was never seen again. As the ship listed a little more, Kendall was thrown overboard from the bridge and landed next to a lifeboat where he was pulled in. The Empress then stopped when the water had consumed half the ship. There were about a hundred standing on the port side. Then, the ship gracefully slipped beneath the waves into the freezing St. Lawrence river. The captain then began rescue operations and picked up dozens of people from the water. They were later picked up by the Storstad which was the ship that sank her. 465 people survived including 4 children (out of 138) and 42 women (out of 279). 1,012 died. The owner of the Storstad was forced to sell her for $750,000 after a Law Suit was won by the owners of the Empress of Ireland for $2,000,000. Salvage efforts have gone slowly. There is a hole from where the U.S.A. had blasted their way to get a bullion of 6 billion dollars. Only the most experienced divers can go down there and they can see things like the Steward's Dormitory where sixty stewards never had a chance and now are in a
jumble of bones. The wreck is a graveyard and , like the TITANIC, we must think about that if anyone goes down there.

Saturday, February 16, 2008

The Bishops

Helen Bishop was born om May 19, 1892 and was very rich, social and very beautiful. Dickinson Bishop acquired his fortune by marrying the heir to Round Stove Company. His wife died in may of 1911 and got married to Helen on November 7, 1911. They went on a 4 month honeymoon to Egypt, Italy, France, and Aliegers. While in Egypt, Helen was told by a fortune teller that she would survive a shipwreck and earthquake before being killed in a car crash. Dickinson, (25) and Helen, (19) were returning home on the TITANIC in cabin B-49. They brought along a dog that they acquired in France named Frou Frou and 6 hand bags for Helen. When the TITANIC struck the iceberg, Helen was asleep and Dickinson was in bed reading. A steward woke them up later on and told them to dress warmly, get their life belts on, and go up on deck. When they got to the boat deck, the officers told them to go back to their cabin. As they were getting ready for bed again, a friend went to them and told them and said that the ship was sinking. They decided that human life was more valuable and locked Frou Frou in his cage forever. When they got to the boat deck again, they were the first ones on board Boat No. 7 after the officer called for couples to get in. They survived the wreck and later survived an earthquake while they were on a vacation in California in November of 1913.  They were later in an accident when the car went out of control and ran into a tree.  Helen was thrown 25 feet from the car and landed on the pavement.  Helen's skull was fractured and she was expected to die, but she thankfully survived.  Dickinson also survived with minor injuries.  The damage to her skull left her mentally ill and helped to lead to her divorce of Dickinson in January of 1916.  She became ill while she was visiting friends 3 months later and died.  Dickinson remarried at the time of Helen's death and later served in WWI.  Dickinson died on February 16, 1961. 

3rd class passenger list

British subjects that embarked from Southampton

Abbott, Eugene Joseph
*Abbott, Mrs. Rosa
Abbott, Rossmore Edward
Abbing, Anthony
Adams. J.
*Aks, Filly
*Aks, Leah
Alexander, William
Allen, William
Allum, Owen G.
*Badman, Emily
Barton David
Beavan, W. T.
*Becker, Mrs. Nellie (Cabin F-8)
*Becker, Miss Marion (Cabin F-8)
*Becker, Miss Ruth (Cabin F-8)
*Becker, Master Richard (Cabin F-8)
Billiard, A.
Billiard, James (child)
Billiard, Walter (child)
Bowen, David
Braund, Lewis
Braund, Owen
Brocklebank, William
Cann, Erenst
Carver, A.
Celotti, Francesco
Christmann, Emil
*Cohen, Gurshon
Cook, Jacob
Corn, Harry
*Coutts, Winnie
*Coutts, William (child)
*Coutts, Leslie (child)
Coxon, Daniel
Crease, Ernest James
Cribb, John Hatfield
*Cribb, Alice
*Dahl, Charles
Davies, Evan
Davies, Alfred
Davies, John
Davies, Joseph
Davison, Thomas H.
*Davison, Mary
Dean, Mr. Bertram F.
*Dean, Mrs. Hetty
*Dean, Bertran (child)
*Dean, Vera (infant)
Dennis, Samuel
Dennis, William
*Derkings, Edward
*Dowdell, Elizabeth
*Drapkin, Jenie
*Dugemin, Joseph
Elsbury, James
*Emanuel, Ethet (child)
Everett, Thomas J.
Ford, Arthur
Ford, Margaret
Ford, Mrs. D. M.
Ford, Mr. E. W.
Ford, M. W. T. N.
Ford, Maggie (child)
Franklin, Charles
Garthfirth, John
Gilinski, Leslie
*Godwin, Frederick
Goldsmith, Frank J.
*Goldsmith, Emily A.
*Goldsmith, Frank J. W.
Goodwin, Augusta
Goodwin, Lillian A.
Goodwin, Charles E.
Goodwin, William F. (child)
Goodwin, Jessie (child)
Goodwin, Harold (child)
Goodwin, Sidney (child)
Green, George
Guest, Robert
Harknett, Alice
Harmer, Abraham
*Hee, Ling
*Howard, May
*Hyman, Abraham
Johnston, A. G.
Johnston, Mrs.
Johnston, William (child)
Johnston, Mrs. C. H. (child)
Johnson, Mr. A.
Johnson, Mr. W.
Keefe, Arthur
Kelly, James
*Lam, Ali
Lam, Len
*Lang, Fang
Leonard, Mr. L
Lester, J.
Ling, Lee
Lithman, Simon
Lobb, Cordelia
Lobb, William A.
Lockyer, Edward
Lovell, John
MacKay, George W.
Maisner, Simon
McNamee, Eileen
McNamee, Neal
Meanwell, Marian O.
Meek, Annie L.
Meo, Alfonso
Miles, Frank
*Moor, Beile
*Moor, Meier
Moore, Leonard C.
Morley, William
Moutal, Rahamin
Murdlin, Joseph
Nancarrow, W. H.
Niklasen, Sander
Nosworthy, Richard C.
Peacock, Alfred
Peacodc., Treasteall
Peacock, Treasteall (child)
Pearce, Ernest
Peduzzi, Joseph
Perkin, John Henry
Peterson, Marius
Potchett, George
*Rath, Sarah
Reed, James George
Reynolds, Harold
Risien, Emma
Risien, Samuel
Robins, Alexander
Robins, Charity
Rogers, William John
Rouse, Richard H.
Rush, Alfred George J.
Sadowitz, Harry
Sage, John
Sage, Annie
Sage, Stella
Sage, George
Sage, Douglas
Sage, Frederick
Sage, Dorothy
Sage, William (child)
Sage, Ada (child)
Sage, Constance (child)
Sage, Thomas (child)
Sather, Sinon
Saundercock, W. H.
Sawyer, Frederick
Scrota, Maurice
Shellard, Frederick
Shorney, Charles
Simmons, John
Slocovski, Selman
Somerton, Francis W.
Spector, Woolf
Spinner, Henry
*Stanley, Amy
Stanley, E. R. Mr.
Storey, T. Mr.
*Sunderland, Victor
Sutehall, Henry
Theobald, Thomas
Thomas, Alex
*Thorneycrolt, Florence
Thorneycroft, Percival
Tomlin, Ernest P.
Torber, Ernest
*Trembisky, Berk
*Tunquist, W.
Ware, Frederick
Warren, Charles W.
Webber, James
*Wilkes, Ellen
Willey, Edward
Williams, Harry
Williams, Leslie
Windelov, Einar
Wiseman, Philip

Third-Class Passengers

Non-British Subjects embarked at Southampton

*Abelseth, Karen
*Abelseth, Olaus (Cabin G-63)
*Abramson, August
Adahl, Mauritz
*Adolf, Humblin
Ahlin, Johanna
Ahmed, Ali
Alhomaki, Ilmari
Ali, William
Anderson, Alfreda
*Anderson, Erna
Anderson, Albert
Anderson, Anders
Anderson, Samuel
Anderson, Sigrid (child)
Anderson, Thor
*Anderson, Carla
Anderson, Ingeborg (child)
Anderson, Ebba (child)
Anderson, Sigvard (child)
Anderson, Ellis
Anderson, Ida Augusta
Anderson, Paul Edvin
Angheloff, Minko
Asplund, Carl (child)
Asplund, Charles
*Aspland, Felix (child)
Asplund, Gustaf (child)
*Asplund, Johan
*Asplund, Lillian (child)
Asplund, Oscar (child)
*Asplund, Selma
Arnold, Joseph
Arnold, Josephine
Aronsson, Ernest Axel A.
Asim, Adola
Assam, Ali
Augustsan, Albert
Backstrom, Karl
*Backstrom, Marie
Balkic, Cerin
Benson, John Viktor
Berglund. Ivar
Berkeland, Hans
*Bing, Lee ("Stow-away")
Bjorklund, Ernst
Bostandyeff, Guentcho
Braf, Elin Ester
Brobek, Carl R.
Cacic, Grego
Cacic, Luka
Cacic, Maria
Cacic, Manda
Calie, Peter
Carlson, Carl R.
Carlsson, Julius
Carlsson, August Sigfrid
*Chip, Chung ("Stow-away")
Coelho, Domingos Fernardeo
Coleff, Fotio
Coleff, Peyo
Cor, Bartol
Cor, Ivan
Cor, Ludovik
*Dahl, Mauritz
Dahlberg, Gerda
Dakic, Branko
Danbom, Ernest
Danbom, Gillber (infant)
Danoff, Sigrid
Danoff, Yoto
Dantchoff, Khristo
Delalic, Regyo
Denkoff, Mito
Dimic, Jovan
Dintcheff, Valtcho
Dyker, Adoff
*Dyker, Elizabeth
Ecimovic, Joso
Edwardsson, Gustaf
Eklunz, Hans
Ekstrom, Johan
*Finote, Luigi
Fischer, Eberhard
*Foo, Chong ("Stow-away")
Goldsmith, Nathan
Goncalves, Manoel E.
Gronnestad, Daniel D.
Gustafson, Alfred
Gustafson, Anders
Gustafson, Johan
Gustafsson, Gideon
Haas, Aloisia
*Hadman, Oscar
Hagland, Ingvald O.
Hagland, Konrad R.
Hakkurainen, Pekko
*Hakkurainen, Elin
Hampe, Leon
*Hankonen, Eluna
Hansen, Claus
*Hansen, Janny
Hansen, Henry Damgavd
*Hee, Ling ("Stow-away")
Heininen, Wendla
Hendekevoic, Ignaz
Henriksson, Jenny
*Hervonen, Helga
*Hervonen, Hildwe (child)
*Hickkinen, Laina
*Hillstrom, Hilda
Holm, John F. A.
Holten, Johan
Humblin, Adolf (Cabin G-63)
Ilieff, Ylio
Ilmakangas, Ida
Ilmakangas, Pista
Ivanoff, Konio
*Jansen, Carl
Jardin, Jose Netto
*Jensen, Carl
Jensen, Hans Peter
Jensen, Svenst L.
Jensen, Nilho R.
*Johannessen, Bernt
*Johannessen, Elias
Johansen, Nils
*Johanson, Oscar
*Johanson, Oscal L.
Johansson, Erik
Johansson, Gustaf
Johnson, Jakob A.
*Johnson, Alice
*Johnson, Harold
*Johnson, Eleanora (infant)
Johnsson, Carl
Johnsson, Malkolm
Jonkoff, Lazor
Jonsson, Nielo H.
Jusila, Katrina
Jusila, Mari
*Jusila, Erik
Jutel, Henrik Hansen
Kallio, Nikolai
Kalvig Johannes H.
Karajic, Milan
*Karlson, Einar
Karlson, Nils August
Kekic, Tido
*Kink, Anton
*Kink, Louise
*Kink, Louise (child)
Kink, Maria
Kink, Vincenz
Klasen, Klas A.Mona, Mae A.
Klasen, Hilda
Klasen, Gertrud (child)
Laitinen, Sofia
Laleff, Kristo
*Lam, Ali ("Stow-away")
Lam, Len ("Stow-away")
*Landegren, Aurora
*Lang, Fung ("Stow-away")
Larson, Viktor
Larsson, Bengt Edvin
Larsson, Edvard
Lefebre, Frances
Lefebre, Henry (child)
Lefebre, Ida (child)
Lefebre, Ida (child)
Lefebre,Mathilde (child)
Leinonen, Antti
Lindablom, August
Lindell, Edvard B.
Lindell, Elin
Lindahl, Agda
*Lindqvist, Einar
Ling, Lee ("Stow-away")
*Lulic, Nicola
Lundahl, John
*Lundin, Olga
*Lundstripm, Jan
*Madsen, Fridjof
Maenpaa, Matti
Makinen, Kalle
*Mampe, Leon
Marinko, Dmitri
Markoff, Marin
Melkebuk, Philemon
*Messemacker, Guillaume
*Messemacker, Emma
*Midtsjo, Carl
*Mikanen, John
Misseff, Ivan
Minkoff, Lazar
Mirko, Dika
Mitkoff, Mito
Moen, Sigurd H.
*Moss, Albert
*Mulder, Theo
Myhrman, Oliver
Naidenoff, Penko
Nankoff, Minko
Nedeco, Petroff
Nenkoff, Christo
Nieminen, Manta
Nilsson, August F.
*Nilson, Berta
*Nilson, Helmina
Nirva, Isak
*Nyoven, Johan
*Nyston, Anna
*Odahl, Martin
*Orman, Velin
*Olsen, Arthur
Olsen, Carl
Olsen, Henry
Olsen, Ole M.
Olson, Elon
Olsson, John
Olsson, Elida
Oreskovic, Luka
Oreskovic, Maria
Oreskovic, Jeko
*Osman, Mara
Pacruic, Mate
Pacruic, Tome
Panula, Eino
Panula, Ernesti
Panula, Juho
Panula, Maria
Panula, Sanni
Panula, Urhu (child)
Panula, William (infant)
Pasic, Jakob
Pentcho, Petroff
Paulsson, Alma C
Paulsson, Gosta (child)
Paulsson, Paul (child)
Paulsson, Stina(child)
Paulsson, Torborg (child)
Pavlovic, Stefo
*Pekonemi, E.
Pelsmaker, Alfons de
Peltomaki, Nikolai
Person, Ernest
Peterson, Johan
Peterson, Ellen
Petranec, Matilda
Petterson, Olaf
Plotcharsky, Vasil
Radeff, Alexander
Rintamaki, Matti
Rosblom, Helene
Rosblom, Salfi (child)
Rosblom, Viktor
Rummstvedt, Kristian
Salander, Carl
*Saljilsvik, Anna
Salonen, Werner
*Sandman, Johan
*Sandstrom, Agnes
*Sandstrom, Beatrice (child) *Sandstrom, Margretha (child)
Sdycoff, Todor
*Sheerlinck, Jean
Sihvola, Antti
Sivic, Husen
*Sjoblom, Anna
Skoog, Anna
Skoog, Carl (child)
Skoog, Harald (child)
Skoog, Mabel (child)
Skoog, Margret (child)
Skoog, William
Slabenoff, Petco
Smiljanic, Mile
Sohole, Peter
Solvang, Lena Jacobsen
*Sop, Jules
Staneff, Ivan
Stoytcho, Mihoff
Stoyehoff, Ilia
Strandberg, Ida
*Stranden, Jules
Strilic, Ivan
Strom, Mrs. Elna (Cabin G-7)
Strom, Miss Selina (Cabin G-7)
Svensen, Olaf
Svensson, Johan
*Svensson, Coverin
Syntakoff, Stanko
Tikkanen, Juho
Todoroff, Lalio
*Tonglin, Gunner
Turcin, Stefan
*Turja, Anna
*Turkula, Hedwig
Uzelas, Jovo
Waelens, Achille
Van Impe, Catharine (child)
Van Impe, Jacob
Van Impe, Rosalie
Van der Planke, Augusta
Van der Planke, Emilie
Van der Planke, Jules
Van der Planke, Leon
Van der Steen, Leo
Van de Velde, Joseph
Van de Walle, Nestor
Vereruysse, Victor
Vook, Janko
Wende, Olof Edvin
*Wennerstrom, August
Wenzel, Zinhart
Vestrom, Huld A. A.
Widegrin, Charles
Wiklund, Karl F.
Wiklund, Jacob A.
Wirz, Albert
Wittenrongel, Camille
Zievens, Renee
Zimmermann, Leo

Embarked at Cherbourg

*Assaf, Marian
Attala, Malake
*Baclini, Latila
*Baclini, Maria
*Baclini, Eugene
*Baclini, Helene
Badt, Mohamed
*Banoura, Ayout
Barbara, Catherine
Barbara, Saude
Betros, Tannous
Boulos, Hanna
Boulos, Sultani
*Boulos, Nourelain
Boulos, Akar (child)
Banous, Elias
Caram, Joseph
Caram, Maria
Shabini, Georges
Chehab, Emir Farres
Chronopoulos, Apostolos
Cbronopoulos, Demetrios
Dibo, Elias
Drazenovie, Josip
Elias, Joseph
*Elias, Joseph
*Fabini, Leeni
*Fat-ma, Mustmani
Gerios, Assaf
Gerios, Youssef
Gerios, Youssef
Gheorgheff, Stanio
Hanna, Mansour
Jean Nassr, Saade
Johann, Markim
*Joseph, Mary
*Karun, Franz
*Karun, Anna (child)
Kassan, M. Housseing
Kassem, Fared
*Kassein, Hassef
Kalil, Betros
*Khalil, Zahie
Kraeff, Thodor
Lemberopoulos, Peter
Malinoff, Nicola
*Meme, Hanna
Monbarek, Hanna
*Moncarek, Omine
*Moncarek, Gonios (child)
*Moncarek, Halim (child)
Moussa, Mantoura
*Naked, Said
*Naked, Waika
*Naked, Maria
Nasr, Mustafa
*Nichan, Krikorian
*Nicola, Jamila
*Nicola, Elias (child)
*Novel, Mansouer
Orsen, Sirayanian
Ortin, Zakarian
*Peter, Catherine Joseph
Peter, Mike
Peter, Anna
Rafoul, Baccos
Raibid, Razi
Saad, Amin
*Saad, Khalil
Samaan, Hanna
Samaan, Elias
Samaan, Youssef
Sarkis, Mardirosian
Sarkis, Lahowd
Seman Betros (child)
Shedid, Daher
Sleiman, Attalla
Stankovic, Jovan
Tannous, Thomas
Tannous, Daler
Thomas, CharlesP
*Thomas, Tamin
*Thomas, Assad (infant)
Thomas, John
Tonfik, Nahli
Torfa, Assad
*Vagil, Adele Jane
*Vartunian, David
Vassilios, Catavelas
Wazli, Yousif
Weller, Abi
*Yalsevae, Ivan
Yazbeck, Antoni
*Yazbeck, Salini
*Youssef, Brahim
Youssef, Hanne
*Youssef, Maria (child)
Youssef Georges (child)
Zabour. Tamini
Zabour, Hileni
Zakarian, Maprieder

Embarked at Queenstown

Barry, Julia
Bourke, Catherine
Bourke, John
*Bradley, Bridget
*Buckley, Daniel
Buckley, Katherine
Burke, Jeremiak
Burke, Mary
Burns, Mary
Canavan, Mary
Carr, Ellen
Car, Jeannie
Chartens, David
Cannavan, Pat
Colbert, Patrick
Conlin, Thos. H.
Connaghton, Michel
Connors, Pat
*Conolly, Kate
Conolly, Kate
*Daly, Marcella
*Daly, Eugene
*Devanoy, Margaret
Dewan, Frank
Dooley, Patrick
Doyle, Elin
*Driscoll, Bridget
Emmeth, Thomas
Farrell, James
Foley, Joseph
Foley, William
Flynn, James
Flynn, John
Fox, Patrick
Gallagher, Martin
*Gilnegh, Katie
*Glynn, Mary
Hagardon, Kate
Hagarty, Nora
Hart, Henry
*Healy, Nora
Horgan, John
Hemming, Norah
Henery, Delia
*Jenymin, Annie
Kelly, James
*Kelly, Annie K.
*Kelly, Mary
Kerane, Andy
*Kennedy, John
Kilgannon, Thomas
Kiernan, John
Kiernan, Phillip
Lane, Patrick
Lemom, Denis
Lemon, Mary
Linehan, Michel
*Madigan, Maggie
Mahon, Delia
*Mannion, Margareth
Mangan, Mary
*McCarthy, Katie
*McCoy, Agnes
*McCoy, Alice
*McCoy, Bernard
*McCormack, Thomas
*McDermott, Delia
McElroy, Michel
*McGovern, Mary
McGowan, Katherine
*McGowan, Annie
McMahon, Martin
Mechan, John
*Meeklave, Ellie
Moran, James
*Moran, Bertha
Morgan, Daniel J.
Morrow, Thomas
*Mullens, Katie
*Mulvihill, Bertha
*Murphy, Norah
*Murphy, Mary
*Murphy, Kate
Naughton, Hannah
Nemagh, Robert
O'Brien, Denis
O'Brien, Thomas
*O'Brien, Hannah
O'Connell, Pat D.
O'Connor, Maurice
O'Connor, Pat
O'Donaghue, Bert
*O'Dwyer, Nellie
*O'Keefe, Pat
*OLeary, Norah
O'Neill, Bridget
O'Sullivan, Bridget
Peters, Katie
Rice, Margaret
Rice, Albert (child)
Rice, George (child)
Rice, Eric (child)
Rice, Arthur (child)
Rice, Eugene (child)
*Riordan, Hannah
Ryan, Patrick
*Ryan, Edward
Sadlier, Matt
Scanlan, James
Shaughnesay, Pat
*Shine, Ellen
*Smyth, Julian
Tobin, Roger

2nd class passenger list

Abelson, Mr. Samson
*Abelson, Mrs. Hanna
Aldworth, Mr. C.
Andrew, Mr. Edgar
Andrew, Mr. Frank
Angle, Mr. William
*Angle, Mrs.
Ashby, Mr. John
Baily, Mr. Percy
Baimbridge, Mr. Chas. R.
*Balls, Mrs. Ada E.
Banfield, Mr. Frederick J.
Bateman, Mr. Robert J.
*Beane, Mr. Edward
*Beane, Mrs. Ethel
Beauchamp, Mr. H. J.
*Beesley, Mr. Lawrence
*Bentham, Miss Lilian W.
Berk, Mr. Pickard (Cabin F-10)
Berriman, Mr. William
Botsford, Mr. W. Hull
Bowenur, Mr. Solomon
Bracken, Mr. Jas. H.
Brito, Mr. Jose de
*Brown, Miss Edith
*Brown, Miss Mildred
Brown, Mr. S.
Brown, Mrs.
Bryhl, Mr. Curt
*Bryhl, Miss Dagmar
*Buss, Miss Kate
Butler, Mr. Reginald
Byles, Rev.nomas R. D.
*Bystrom, Miss Karolina
*Caldwell, Mr. Albert F.
*Caldwell, Mrs. Sylvia
*Caldwell, Master Alden G.
*Cameron, Miss Clear
Carbines, Mr. William
Carter, Rev. Ernest C.
Carter, Mrs. Lillian
Chapman, Mr. John H.
Chapman, Mrs. Elizabeth
Chapman, Mr. Charles
*Christy, Mrs. Alice
*Christy, Miss Juli
Clarke, Mr. Charles V.
*Clarke, Mrs. Ada Maria
Coleridge, Mr. R. C.
Collander, Mr. Erik
*Collett, Mr. Stuart
Collyer, Mr. Harvey
*Collyer, Mrs. Charlotte
*Collyer, Miss Marjorie
Corbett, Mrs. Irene
Corey, Mrs. C. P.
Cotterill, Mr. Harry
Davies, Mr. Charles
*Davis, Mrs. Agnes
*Davis, Master John M.
*Davis, Miss Mary
Deacon, Mr. Percy
del Carlo, Mr. Sebastian
del Carlo, Mrs.
Denbou, Mr. Herbert
Dibden, Mr. William
*Doling, Mrs. Ada
*Doling, Miss Elsie
Downton, Mr. William J.
*Drachstedt, Baron von
Drew, Mr. James V.
*Drew, Mrs. Lulu
*Drew, Master Marshall
*Duran, Miss Florentina
*Duran, Miss Asimcion
Eitemiller, Mr. G. F.
Enander, Mr. Ingvar
Fahlstrom Mr. Arne J.
Faunthorpe, Mr. Harry
*Faunthorpe, Mrs. Lizzie
Fillbrook, Mr. Charles
Fox, Mr. Stanley H.
Funk, Miss Annie
Fynney, Mr. Jos.
Gale, Mr. Harry
Gale, Mr. Shadrach
*Garside, Miss Ethel
Gaskell, Mr. Alfred
Gavey, Mr. Lawrence
Gilbert, Mr. William
Giles, Mr. Edgar
Giles, Mr. Fred
Giles, Mr. Ralph
Gill, Mr. John
Gillespie, Mr. William
Givard, Mr. Hans K.
Greenberg, Mr. Samuel
Hale, Mr. Reginald
*Hamalainer, Mrs. Anna and *Infant
Harbeck, Mr. Wm. H.
Harper, Mr. John
*Harper, Miss Nina
*Harris, Mr. George
Harris, Mr. Walter
Hart, Mr. Benjamin
*Hart, Mrs. Esther
*Hart, Miss Eva
*Herman, Miss Alice
*Herman, Mrs. Jane
*Herman, Miss Kate
Herman, Mr. Samuel
*Hewlett, Mrs. Mary D.
Hickman, Mr. Leonard
Hickman, Mr. Lewis
Hickman, Mr. Stanley
Hiltunen, Miss Martha
Hocking, Mr. George
*Hocking, Mrs. Elizabeth
*Hocking, Miss Nellie
Hocking, Mr. Samuel J.
Hodges, Mr. Henry P.
Hoffman, Mr. and *two children (Loto and Louis)
*Hold, Mrs. Annie
Hold, Mr. Stephen
Hood, Mr. Ambrose
*Hosono, Mr. Masabumi
Howard, Mr. Benjamin
Howard, Mrs. Ellen T.
Hunt, Mr. George
*Ilett, Miss Bertha
*Jacobsohn, Mrs. Amy P.
Jacobsohn Mr. Sidney S.
Jarvis, Mr. John D.
Jefferys, Mr. Clifford
Jefferys, Mr. Ernest
Jenkin, Mr. Stephen
*Jervan, Mrs. A. T.
*Kantor, Mrs. Miriam
Kantor, Mr. Sehua
Karnes, Mrs. J. F.
Keane, Mr. Daniel
*Keane, Miss Nora A. (Cabin E-101)
*Kelly, Mrs. F.
Kirkland, Rev. Charles L
Kvillner, Mr. John Henrik
*Lahtinen, Mrs. Anna
Lahtinen, Mr. William
Lamb, Mr. J. J.
*Lamore, Mrs. Ameliar
Laroche, Mr. Joseph
*Laroche, Mrs. Juliet
*Laroche, Miss Louise
*Laroche, Miss Simonne
*Lehman, Miss Bertha
*Leitch, Miss Jessie
Levy, Mr. R. J.
Leyson, Mr. Robert W. N.
Lingan, Mr. John
Louch, Mr. Charles
*Louch, Mrs. Alice Adela
Mack, Mrs. Mary
Malachard, Mr. Noel
Mallet, Mr. A.
*Mallet, Mrs.
*Mallet, Master A.
Mangiavacchi, Mr. Emilio
Mantvila, Mr. Joseph
Marshall, Mr.
*Marshall, Mrs. Kate
Matthews, Mr. W. J.
Maybery, Mr. Frank H.
McCrae, Mr. Arthur G.
McCrie, Mr. James
McKane, Mr. Peter D.
*Mellers, Mr. William
*Mellinger, Mrs. Elizabeth and *Child
Meyer, Mr. August
Milling, Mr. Jacob C.
Mitchell, Mr. Henry
*Moor, Mrs. Bella (Cabin E-121)
*Moor, Master Meier (Cabin E-121)
Morawick, Dr. Ernest
Mudd, Mr. Thomas C.
Myles, Mr. Thomas F.
Nasser, Mr. Nicolas
*Nasser, Mrs.
Navratil, Mr. Michel (Cabin F-2)
*Navratil, Master Michel Marcel (Cabin F-2)
*Navratil, Master Edmond Roger (Cabin F-2)
Nesson, Mr. Israel
Nicholls, Mr. Joseph C.
Norman, Mr. Robert D.
*Nye, Mrs. Elizabeth (Cabin F-33)
Otter, Mr. Richard
*Oxenham, Mr. P. Thomas
*Padro, Mr. Julian
Pain, Dr. Alfred
*Pallas, Mr. Emilio
Parker, Mr. Clifford R.
*Parrish, Mrs. L Davis
Pengelly, Mr. Frederick
Pernot, Mr. Rene
Peruschitz, Rev. Jos. M.
Phillips, Mr. Robert
*Phillips, Miss Alice
*Pinsky, Miss Rosa
Ponesell, Mr. Martin
*Portaluppi, Mr. Emilio
Pulbaun, Mr. Frank
*Quick, Mrs. Jane
*Quick, Miss Vera W.
*Quick, Miss Phyllis
Reeves, Mr. David
Renouf, Mr. Peter H.
*Renouf, Miss Lillie
*Reynolds, Miss E.
Richard, Mr. Emile
*Richards, Mrs. Emily
*Richards, Master William
*Richards, Master George
*Ridsdale, Miss Lucy
Rogers, Mr. Harry
*Rogers, Miss Selina
*Rugg, Miss Emily
Sedgwick, Mr. C. F. W.
Sharp, Mr. Percival
*Shelley, Mrs. Imanita
*Silven, Miss Lyyli
*Sincook, Miss Maude
*Sinkkenen, Miss Anna
Sjostedt, Mr. Ernest A.
*Slayter, Miss H. M.
Slemen, Mr. Richard J.
Smith, Mr. Augustus
*Smith, Miss Marion
Sobey, Mr. Hayden
Stanton, Mr. S. Ward
Stokes, Mr. Phillip J.
Swane, Mr. George
Sweet, Mr. George
Tobin, Mr. Roger (Cabin F-38)
*Toomey, Miss Ellen
*Trant, Miss Jessie
Tronpiansky, Mr. Moses A.
*Troutt, Miss Edwina Celia (Cabin E-101)
Tupin, M. Dorothy
Turpin, Mr. William J.
Veale, Mr. James
*Walcroft, Miss Nellie
*Ware, Mrs. Florence L
Ware, Mr. John James
Ware, Mr. William J.
*Watt, Miss Bertha
*Watt, Mrs. Bessie
*Webber, Miss Susan (Cabin E-101)
Weisz, Mr. Leopold
*Weisz, Mrs. Matilda
*Wells, Mrs. Addie
*Wells, Miss J.
*Wells, Master Ralph
West, Mr. E. Arthur
*West, Mrs. Ada
*West, Miss Barbara
*West, Miss Constance
Wheadon, Mr. Edward
Wheeler, Mr. Edwin

1st class passenger list

*Allen, Miss Elizabeth Walton (Cabin B-5)
Allison, Mr. Hudson Joshua Creighton (Cabin C-22)
Allison, Mrs. Bess (Cabin C-22) and *Maid
Allison, Miss Helen Lorraine (Cabin C-26)
*Allison, Master Trevor (Cabin C-26) and *Nurse
*Anderson, Mr. Harry (Cabin E-12)
*Andrews, Miss Kornelia Theodosia (Cabin D-7)
Andrews, Mr. Thomas (Cabin A-36)
*Appleton, Mrs. Edward Dale (Cabin C-101)
Artagaveytia, Mr. Ramon
Astor, Colonel John Jacob (Cabin C-64) and Manservant, Victor Robbins (Cabin C-62)
*Astor, Mrs. Madeleine (Cabin C-64) and *Maid
*Aubert, Mrs. Leotine Pauline (Cabin B-82 and Cabin B-84) and *Maid, Miss Segesser (Cabin B-35)
*Barkworth, Mr. Alergnon H. (Cabin A-23)
Baumann, Mr. J.
*Baxter, Mrs. James (Helene DeLaudeniere) (Cabin B-60)
Baxter, Mr. Quigg (Cabin B-58)
Beattie, Mr. Thomas (Cabin C-6)
*Beckwith, Mr. Richard L. (Cabin D-35)
*Beckwith, Mrs. Richard L. (Cabin D-35)
*Beesley, Mr. Lawrence (Cabin D-56)
*Behr, Mr. Karl Howell (Cabin C-148)
*Bishop, Mr. Dickinson H. (Cabin B-49)
*Bishop, Mrs. Helen (Cabin B-49)
Bjornstrom, Mr. H.
Blackwell, Mr. Stephen Weart (Cabin-T)
*Blank, Mr. Henry (Cabin A-31)
*Bonnell, Miss Caroline (Cabin C-7)
*Bonnell, Miss Elizabeth (Cabin C-7)
Borebank, Mr. John J. (Cabin D-21)
*Bowen, Miss
*Bowerman, Miss Edith (Cabin E-33)
Brady, Mr. James (Cabin A-21)
Brandeis, Mr. Emil (Cabin B-10)
*Brayton, Mr. George
Brewe, Dr. Arthur Jackson
*Brown, Miss Mildred (Cabin C-90)
*Brown, Mrs. Margaret Tobin - "The Unsinkable Molly Brown" - (Cabin B-4 and Cabin B-6)
*Brown, Mrs. John Murray (Cabin C-101)
*Browne, Father Francis (Cabin A-37) - disembarked in Queenstown
*Bucknell, Mrs. Emma (Cabin D-15) and *Maid
Butt, Major Archibald W. (Cabin B-38)
*Calderhead, Mr. E. P.
*Candee, Mrs. Churchill
*Cardeza, Mrs. Charlotte Wardle Drake (Cabin B-53) and Maid
*Cardeza, Master Thomas Drake Martinez (Cabin B-55) and Manservant
Carlson, Mr. Frank
Carran, Mr. F. M.
Carran, Mr. J. P.
*Carter, Mr. William E. (Cabin B-96)
*Carter, Mrs. Lucille (Cabin B-96) and Maid
*Carter, Miss Lucile (Cabin B-98)
*Carter, Master William T. (Cabin B-98) and Manservant
Case, Mr. Howard B.
*Cassebeer, Mrs. H. A.
Cavendish, Mr. Tyrell.W. (Cabin C-46)
*Cavendish, Mrs. Julia (Cabin C-46) and *Maid
Chaffee, Mr. Herbert F. (Cabin E-31)
*Chaffee, Mrs. Carrie (Cabin E-31)
*Chambers, Mr. Norman C. (Cabin E-8)
*Chambers, Mrs. Bertha (Cabin E-8)
*Cherry, Miss Gladys (Cabin B-77)
*Chevre, Mr. Paul (Cabin A-7)
*Chibnafl, Mrs. E. M. Bowerman
Chisholm, Mr. Robert
Clark, Mr. Walter Miller (Cabin C-87)
*Clark, Mrs. Virginia (Cabin C-87)
Clifford, Mr. George Quincy (Cabin A-14)
Colley, Mr. Edward Pomeroy (Cabin E-58)
*Compton, Mrs. Mary (Cabin E-49)
*Compton, Miss Sara (Cabin E-49)
Compton, Mr. Alexander Taylor, Jr. (Cabin E-52)
*Cook, Miss Selena (Cabin C-90)
*Cornell, Mrs. Robert G. (Cabin C-101)
Crafton, Mr. John B.
Crosby, Captain Edward G. (Cabin B-22)
*Crosby, Mrs. Catherine (Cabin B-22)
*Crosby, Miss Harriet (Cabin B-26)
Cummings, Mr. John Bradley (Cabin C-85)
*Cummings, Mrs. Florence (Cabin C-85)
*Daly, Mr. Peter D. (Cabin E-17)
*Daniel, Mr. Robert W.
Davidson, Mr. Thornton (Cabin B-71)
*Davidson, Mrs. Orian (Cabin B-71)
*Dick, Mr. Albert (Cabin B-20)
*Dick, Mrs. Vera (Cabin B-20)
*Dodge, Dr. Washington (Cabin A-34)
*Dodge, Mrs. Washington (Cabin A-34)
*Dodge, Master Washington (Cabin A-34)
*Douglas, Mrs. F. C.
Douglas, Mr. Walter Donald (Cabin C-86)
*Douglas, Mrs. Mahala Dutton (Cabin C-86) and Maid
Dulles, Mr. William Crothers (Cabin A-18)
*Earnshew, Mrs. Olive (Cabin C-54)
*Endres, Miss Caroline Louise (Cabin C-45)
*Eustis, Miss Elizabeth M. (Cabin D-20)
Evans, Miss Edith (Cabin A-29)
*Flegenheim, Mrs. A.
*Flynn, Mr. John L. (Cabin E-25)
Foreman, Mr. Benjamin L. (Cabin C-111)
Fortune, Mr. Mark
Fortune, Mrs. Mark
*Fortune, Miss Ethel (Cabin C-27)
*Fortune, Miss Alice (Cabin C-27)
*Fortune, Miss Mabel (Cabin C-27)
Fortune, Mr. Charles
Franklin, Mr. Thomas P. (Cabin D-34)
*Frauenthal, Mr. T. G.
*Frauenthal, Dr. Isaac G. (Cabin D-40)
*Frauenthal, Mrs. Isaac G. (Cabin D-40)
*Frolicher, Mr. Maxmillian (Cabin B-39)
*Frolicher, Mrs. Maxmillian (Cabin B-39)
*Frolicher, Miss Marguerite (Cabin B-41)
Futrelle, Mr. J.
*Futrelle, Mrs. J.
Gee, Mr. Arthur H. (Cabin E-63)
*Gibson, Mrs. L.
*Gibson, Miss Dorothy Winifred Gibson
Giglio, Mr. Victor
*Goldenberg, Mr. Samuel L. (Cabin C-92)
*Goldenberg, Mrs. Edwiga (Cabin C-92)
Goldschmidt, Mr. George B. (Cabin A-5)
*Gordon, Sir Cosmo Duff (Cabin A-16 and Cabin A-20)
*Gordon, Lady Duff (Cabin A-16 and Cabin A-20) and *Maid, Miss Laura Francatelli
(Cabin E-36)
*Gracie, Colonel Archibald (Cabin C-51)
Graham, Mr. George (Cabin C-42)
*Graham, Mrs. William Thompson (Cabin C-91)
*Graham, Miss Margaret (Cabin C-125)
*Greenfield, Mrs. L. D.
*Greenfield, Mrs. Blanche (Cabin D-10 and Cabin D-12)
Guggenheim, Mr. Benjamin (Cabin B-82 and Cabin B-84) and his Manservant, Victor Giglio
(Cabin B-86)
*Harder, Mr. George A. (Cabin E-50)
*Harder, Mrs. George A. (Cabin E-50)
*Harper, Mr. Henry Sleeper (Cabin D-33) and *Manservant, Mr. Hamad Hassah (Cabin D-49)
*Harper, Mrs. Henry Sleeper (Cabin D-33)
Harris, Mr. Henry Burkhardt (Cabin C-83)
*Harris, Mrs. Irene(Cabin C-83)
Harrison, Mr. William H. (Cabin B-94)
*Haven, Mr. H.
*Hawksford, Mr. W. J.
Hays, Mr. Charles M. (Cabin B-69)
*Hays, Mrs. Clara (Cabin B-69) and Maid
*Hays, Miss Margaret (Cabin C-54)
Head, Mr. Christopher (Cabin B-11)
*Hellstrom, Miss Hilda M. (Cabin D-135)
Hilliard, Mr. Herbert Henry (Cabin E-46)
Hipkins, Mr. William E. (Cabin C-39)
*Hippach, Mrs. Ida S. (Cabin B-18)
*Hippach, Miss Jean (Cabin B-18)
*Hogeboom, Mrs. Anna (Cabin D-11)
Holverson, Mr. A. O.
*Holverson, Mrs. A. O.
*Hoyt, Mr. Frederick Maxfield (Cabin C-93)
*Hoyt, Mrs. Jane Anne (Cabin C-93)
Holt, Mr. W. F.
Isham, Mrs. Anne Elizabeth (Cabin C-49)
*Ismay, Mr. J. Bruce (Cabin B-52, Cabin B-54 and Cabin B-56) and Manservant,
Richard Fry (Cabin B-102)
Jakob, Mr. Birnbaum
Jones, Mr. C. C
*Joseph, Mrs. Catherina (Cabin D-69)
*Joseph, Miss Mary (Cabin D-69)
*Joseph, Master Michael (Cabin D-69)
Julian, Mr. Henry F. (Cabin E-60)
Kent, Mr. Edward A. (Cabin B-37)
Kenyon, Mr. F. R.
*Kenyon, Mrs. F. R.
*Kimball, Mr. Edwin N. (Cabin D-19)
*Kimball, Mrs. Gertrude (Cabin D-19)
Klaber, Mr. Herman (Cabin C-124)
*Krekorian, Mr. Nelson (Cabin E-57)
Lambert-Williams, Mr. Fletcher Fellows
*Lamore, Miss Amelia (Cabin C-90)
*Leader, Dr. Alice (Cabin D-17)
Lewy, Mr. E. G.
*Lindstroem, Mrs. J.
*Lines, Mrs. Elizabeth (Cabin D-28)
*Lines, Miss Mary C. (Cabin D-28)
Lingrey Mr. Edward
Long, Mr. Clyde (Cabin D-6)
*Longley, Miss Gretchen Fiske (Cabin D-7)
Loring, Mr. J. H.
*Lurette Miss Elise (Cabin B-80)
Mack, Mrs. Mary (Cabin E-77)
*Madill, Miss Georgette Alexandra (Cabin B-3)
Maguire, Mr. John E. (Cabin C-108)
*Marechal, Mr. Pierre (Cabin C-47)
Marvin, Mr. Daniel W. (Cabin D-30)
*Marvin, Mrs. Mary (Cabin D-30)
McCaffry. Mr. Thomas (Cabin C-6)
McCarthy, Mr. Timothy J.
*McGough, Mr. J. R. (Cabin E-25)
Meyer, Mr. Edgar J.
*Meyer, Mrs. Edgar J.
Millet, Mr. Frank David (Cabin E-38)
Minahan, Dr. William E. (Cabin C-78)
*Minahan, Mrs. Lillian (Cabin C-78)
*Minahan, Miss Daisy (Cabin C-78)
*Moch, Mr. P. E.
Moch, Mr. Phillip E.
Molson, Mr. Harry Markland (Cabin C-30)
Moore, Mr. Clarence and Manservant
Natsch, Mr. Charles H. (Cabin C-118)
Newell, Mr. Arthur Webster (Cabin D-48)
*Newell, Miss Alice (Cabin D-36)
*Newell, Miss Madeline (Cabin D-36)
*Newsom, Miss Helen (Cabin D-47)
Nicholson, Mr. A. S.
*Nourney, Mr. Alfred (Baron von Drachstedt) (Cabin D-38)
*Omont, Mr. F.
Ostby, Mrs. Engelhart C. (Cabin B-30)
*Ostby, Miss Helen R. (Cabin B-36)
Ovies, Mr. S.
Parr, Mr. M. H. W.
Partner, Mr. Austin (Cabin C-124)
Payne, Mr. Vivian (Cabin B-24)
Pears, Mr. Thomas (Cabin C-2)
*Pears, Mrs. Thomas (Cabin C-2)
Penasco, Mr. Victor (Cabin C-65)
*Penasco, Mrs. Victor (Cabin C-65) and Maid, Miss Oliva Ocana Dona Fermina
(Cabin C-105)
*Peuchen, Major Arthur Godfrey (Cabin C-104)
Porter, Mr. Walter Chamberlain
*Potter, Mrs. Lilly (Cabin C-50)
Reuchlin, Mr. J. G., Jonkheer
*Rheims, Mr. George
*Robert, Mrs. Edward Scott (Cabin B-3) and *Maid
Roebling, Mr. Washington A., 2nd (Cabin A-24)
*Rolmane, Mr. C.
Rood, Mr. Hugh R. (Cabin B-22)
*Rosenbaum, Miss Edith Louise (Cabin A-11)
Ross, Mr. John Hugo (Cabin A-10)
*Rothes, the Countess of (Cabin B-77) and *Maid, Miss Roberta Maioni (Cabin B-79)
Rothschild, Mr. M.
*Rothschild, Mrs. M.
Rowe, Mr. Alfred
Ryerson, Mr. Arthur (Cabin B-57)
*Ryerson, Mrs. Arthur (Cabin B-57) and *Maid, Miss Victorine Chaudanson (Cabin B-66)
*Ryerson, Miss Emily (Cabin B-59)
*Ryerson, Miss Susan (Cabin B-59)
*Ryerson, Master Jack (Cabin B-63)
*Saalfeld, Mr. Adolphe (Cabin C-106)
*Schabert, Mrs. Emma (Cabin C-28)
*Seward, Mr. Frederick K.
*Shutes, Miss Elizabeth W. (Cabin C-125)
*Silverthorne, Mr. Spencer Victor (Cabin E-24)
Silvey, Mr. William B. (Cabin E-44)
*Silvey, Mrs. Alice (Cabin E-44)
*Simonius-Blumer, Colonel Alfons (Cabin A-26)
*Sloper, Mr. William T. (Cabin A-6)
Smart, Mr. John M.
Smith, Mr. J. Clinch
Smith, Mr. Richard William (Cabin A-19)
Smith, Mr. L P.
*Smith, Mrs. L P.
*Snyder, Mr. John (Cabin B-45)
*Snyder, Mrs. Nelle (Cabin B-45)
*Soloman, Mr. A. L.
*Spedden, Mr. Frederick O. (Cabin E-34)
*Spedden, Mrs. Daisy (Cabin E-34) and *Maid
*Spedden, Master R. Douglas (Cabin E-40) and *Nurse, Miss Elizabeth Burns, (Cabin E-40)
Spencer, Mr. William A. (Cabin B-78)
*Spencer, Mrs. Mary (Cabin B-78) and Maid, Miss Elise Lurette (Cabin B-80)
*Stahelin, Dr. Max
Stead, Mr. William Thomas (Cabin B-89)
*Steffanson, B. B.
*Steffanon, H. B.
*Stengel, Mr. Charles E. H. (Cabin C-116)
*Stengel, Mrs. Charles E. H. (Cabin C-116)
Stewart, Mr. A. A.
*Stone, Mrs. Martha (Cabin B-28) and *Maid
Straus, Mr. Isidor (Cabin C-55) and Manservant, Mr. John Farthing (Cabin C-95)
Straus, Mrs. Isidor (Cabin C-55) and *Maid, Miss Ellen Bird (Cabin C-97)
Sutton, Mr. Frederick (Cabin D-50)
*Swift, Mrs. Margaret (Cabin D-17)
Taussig, Mr. Emil
*Taussig, Mrs. Emil
*Taussig, Miss Ruth
*Taylor, Mr. Elmer Zebly (Cabin C-126)
*Taylor, Mrs. Juliet (Cabin C-126)
Thayer, Mr. John Borland (Cabin C-66)
*Thayer, Mrs. John Borland (Cabin C-66) and *Maid
*Thayer, Mr. John Borland, Jr. (Cabin C-68)
Thorne, Mr. G.
*Thorne, Mrs. G.
*Tucker, Mr. Gilbert Milligan, Jr. (Cabin C-53)
Uruchurtu, Mr. M. R.
Van der Hoef, Mr. Wyckoff
*Velliers de, Mrs. Beth Antonine (Cabin C-90)
Walker, Mr. William Anderson (Cabin D-46)
Warren, Mr. Frank M. (Cabin D-37)
*Warren, Mrs. Frank M. (Cabin D-37)
*Weir, Mr. J.
White, Mr. Percival W. (Cabin D-126)
White, Mr. Richard F. (Cabin D-126)
*White, Mrs. Ella (Cabin C-32), her *Maid, Miss Nellie M. Bessette (Cabin C-99) and
Wick, Mr. George D.
*Wick, Mrs. George D.
*Wick, Miss Mary (Cabin C-7)
Widener, Mr. George Dunton (Cabin C-80) and Manservant
*Widener, Mrs. Elanor (Cabin C-80) and *Maid
Widener, Mr. Harry Elkins (Cabin C-80)
*Willard, Miss Constance
Williams, Mr. Fletcher L. (Cabin C-128)
*Williams, Mr. R. N., Jr.
*Woolner, Mr. Hugh (Cabin C-52)
Wright, Mr. George
*Young, Miss Marie (Cabin C-32)

Thursday, February 14, 2008

Shine and the TITANIC

Shine had purchased a ticket on the R.M.S. TITANIC for 2nd class and was about to board when Captain Smith saw him and no matter how much he begged, Smith would not let him on his ship. During that time, slavery was abolished but black men and women were still considered inferior and of lower class. Smith knew that would look odd for him mixing with "gentlemen and ladies". There was, however a Haitian family in 3rd class. Shine later was able to book passage on another ship.

This is the jazz song about Captain Smith refusing Shine admittance onto the TITANIC.

Shine and the Titanic

It was a hell of a day in the merry month of May
When the great Titanic was sailing away.
The captain and his daughter was there, too,
And old black Shine, he didn't need no crew.
Shine was downstairs eating his peas
When the . . .water come up to his knees.
He said, "Captain, Captain, I was downstairs eating my peas When the water come up to my knees."
He said, "Shine, Shine, set your black self down.
I got ninety-nine pumps to pump the water down."
Shine went downstairs looking through space.
That's when the water came up to his waist.
He said, "Captain, Captain, I was downstairs looking through space,
That's when the water came up to my waist."
He said, "Shine, Shine, set your black self down.
I got ninety-nine pumps to pump the water down."
Shine went downstairs, he ate a piece of bread.
That's when the water came above his head.
He said, "Captain, Captain, I was downstairs eating my bread
And the . . .water came above my head."
He said, "Shine, Shine, set your black self down.
I got ninety-nine pumps to pump the water down."
Shine took off his shirt, took a dive. He took one stroke
And the water pushed him like it pushed a motorboat.
I'll give you more money than any black man see."
Shine said, "Money is good on land or sea.
Take off your shirt and swim like me."
And Shine Swam on.
Shine met up with the whale.
The whale said, "Shine, Shine, you swim mighty fine,
But if you miss one stroke, your black self is mine."
Shine said, "You may be the king of the ocean, king of the sea,
But you got to be a swimming son-of-a-gun to out-swim me."
And Shine swam on.
Now when the news got to the port, the great Titanic has sunk,
You won't believe this, but old Shine was on the corner damn near drunk.

The TITANIC Photographer

Born in Cork in 1880, Frank Browne came from a prominent family in that city. His grandfather, James Hegarty, was Lord Mayor, and his uncle, Robert Browne, was Bishop of Cloyne for 41 years. His schooldays were spent at Christian Brothers’ College, Cork, the Bower Convent, Athlone, Belvedere College , Dublin, and Castleknock College, Dublin. When Frank left school in 1897 he set out on a Grand Tour of Europe. The resultant images were the first shots in a salvo of photographic activity that would still be reverberating 100 years later.

Kilkenny Hurlers, 1925

On his return from the continent Frank joined the Jesuits. After two years in the novitiate, he attended the Royal University in Dublin where he spent three years in the same class as his fellow Belvederian, James Joyce.
From 1903 to 1906 he studied philosophy in Chieri, near Turin, and then returned to the desks of Belvedere College where he taught for five years. During the first of these (1906), he founded The Belvederian (the college annual) and the Camera Club; both still exist.

From 1911 to 1916, Frank Browne studied Theology at Milltown Park in Dublin. It was during this period that his Uncle Robert (the Bishop of Cloyne) sent him an unusual present: a ticket for the first legs of the maiden voyage of the Titanic, sailing from Southampton to Cherbourg and then on to Queenstown (Cobh), Co Cork, Ireland.

Gymnasium on board

While on board, an American millionaire offered to pay his way for the rest of the voyage to New York. On being apprised of this suggestion, Frank's Jesuit Superior cabled Queenstown saying, succinctly,“GET OFF THAT SHIP---PROVINCIAL”.
Last view of the Titanic

After the tragedy, Frank Browne’s photographs appeared on the front pages of newspapers around the world. He had taken the last picture of Captain Smith and the only one ever taken in the Marconi room. His series starts at Waterloo Station with the “Titanic Special” and documents the activities of passengers and crew aboard this unique ship, concluding with the anchor being raised from the water for the last time.

On the Western Front with the Irish Guards and in post-war Germany.
Battlefield, Ypres, August, 1917 In 1915 Frank was ordained a priest by his Uncle Robert. The following year he volunteered for service as a chaplain to the Irish Guards. He was with them at the Western Front and in Germany well into 1919. He served at the battle of the Somme, at Locre, Wytschaete and Massine Ridge, Paschendaele, Ypres, Amiens and Arras. He was wounded five times and was awarded the Military Cross and Bar.

'The Watch on the Rhine', Cologne, Germany, 1919

In the albums he assembled for his regiment he included pictures of the appalling suffering in the trenches and finished with images of Cologne and Bonn; one of these,“Watch On The Rhine” is a classic.

After the war Father Browne returned to Belvedere and in 1922 was appointed superior of Gardiner Street Church. Due to ill health he travelled to Australia in 1924. On the journey out he photographed life aboard ship and at Cape Town. He travelled extensively throughout Australia, photographing sugar cane processing, members of Irish religious orders, migrant workers, new immigrants in canvas villages, and sheep farming in a series covering a cross section of Australian Life.

Country Road, Co. Roscommon, 1937

On his return journey he visited Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Egypt, and Gibraltar, making memorable images as he went. During the 1930s he visited England several times. The majority of the images from this time are from East Anglia and London.

When he returned to Ireland he was stationed as a member of the missions and retreats staff of the Irish order. His duties took him to all parts of Ireland, working mostly in the evening, which enabled him to indulge his photographic activities during the day. Apart from trips to England on assignments for the British Museum and the Church of England, the remainder of his work was undertaken in Ireland. He died in July of 1960 and is buried in the Jesuit plot in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.


Father Browne's great collection of negatives lay forgotten for 25 years after his death. It was by chance in 1986 that Father E. E. O’Donnell SJ discovered this amazing collection in a large metal trunk. Father O’Donnell brought the negatives to the attention of the features editor of the London Sunday Times who dubbed them “the photographic equivalent to the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls”.

Subsequently, David Davison was invited to assess them from an artistic/photographic point of view and make recommendations on their conservation. The news was bad: over half of the negatives were on an unstable and dangerous nitrate base and many had already deteriorated badly. Sponsorship from Allied Irish Banks enabled David and his son, Edwin, to make a complete set of duplicate negatives of the entire collection and preserve it for posterity.

The collection has been catalogued on a computerized database; this has facilitated the selection of images for exhibitions and books and has been used for the selection of the finest pictures now offered for sale.


Frank Browne's inherent artistic talent is clearly present in his earliest photographic works. Over the years, his abilities flourished and enabled him to create a body of work unrivalled by any Irish photographer during the first half of the 20th Century. Various authorities have compared his work to that of Doisneau and Cartier-Bresson, but much of his work predates them.

His perceptive creativity was reaching maturity during his time in Australia and flowered profusely through the 1930s and 1940s, during which time he created a priceless document of Irish life. During this latter period he wrote for the Kodak Magazine, and photographically illustrated Irish magazines and brochures and performed an active role in bringing the “SALON” movement to Ireland. This movement was initiated to foster photography as an art form, a matter close to Frank Browne's heart.

In La Linea, Spain, 1925, all he made some 41,632 negatives. His interests were broad, resulting in his capturing a unique view into the industrial, agricultural, religious, commercial and social elements of an Ireland developing its own post independence identity.

There are several means by which this work can be assessed. Many of the pictures are quaintly nostalgic, evoking personal or received recollections of a different world. The social/documentary value may be deemed more significant than nostalgia.

St. Stephen's Green in Fog, Dublin, 1944
(Some of the exerpts above is from a Father Browne memorial site)

How the TITANIC sank

When the TITANIC sank struck the iceberg, it made the iron plates buckle and the rivets pop out. It made multiple gashes (not one long gash) and water leaked in. The TITANIC could hold water in up to two watertight compartments. She could even stay afloat with four. But, the gash stretched to the 6th watertight bulkheads and when the watertight doors closed, that only slowed down the sinking because the water went up over the bulkheads and spilled into the next and then the one after that dragging the ship to down lower, letting water come in, until the TITANIC was completely flooded. The TITANIC was doomed no matter how you sliced it. The weight of the water pulled her down by the head and the whole ship had been completely submerged by 2:20. The TITANIC still has mysteries like, what do the gashes look like? and Why did the steal buckle?. The holes that you see today in the bow were caused by the impact of the TITANIC hitting the bottom. The holes remain buried forever in the sediment.

Tuesday, February 12, 2008

The sinking of the TITANIC

It was April 14, 1912 in 33 degree weather. The captain had just gone to bed and 1st Officer Murdoch was in charge. It was around 11:35 when suddenly, the bell rang three times which was the signal for danger. The phone rang and Murdoch answered. The voice of Fredrick Fleet came on saying "Iceberg right ahead!". Murdoch immediately reversed the engines and ordered the Quartermaster Robert Hitchens to turn the ship. Slowly, the ship turned but it wasn't quick enough and the iceberg struck the ship at approximately 11:40. They saw the iceberg quickly drift out of sight. "The captain came up asking what have we struck?" "An iceberg sir" came the reply. Captain Smith then called for Thomas Andrews, the designer of the ship. When Andrews came, Smith explained the situation and Andrews and Smith went to inspect the
damage. Once Andrews saw the water rising in the 6th water tight compartment, Andrews knew the ship was to founder. Steam then started spewing out of the forward funnel and that aroused a few people. The lifeboats were starting to be filled with passengers and a little bit of crew around midnight. By around 12:12, the first boat was lowered with only 1/4 of the capacity. Each lifeboat could hold 64 people but the first boats were lowered with around 20 to 50 passengers and crew. Soon, the boats began filling with more and more people. One was so over crowded, that the officer ordered one person to get off. One anonymous woman got out and said, "Many of you have husbands, children, and wives at home; I do not." She then walked away.
By 1:05, the last boat had left and Officer Lightoller was getting Collapsible B down
off the roof of the Officer's Quarters on the port side while Officer Murdoch was doing the same with Collapsible A on the Starboard side. The water washed the boats as soon as they got the boats down. Around 1:20, the forward funnel fell crushing John Jacob Astor and a dozen others. Just after the forward funnel collapsed, a wave washed over the deck crashing through the Grand Staircase and carrying Jack Thayer and Milton Long off the ship. The ship slid rising higher and higher until something happened and the TITANIC broke apart between the third and fourth funnel. This carried the Aft Grand Staircase, Lounge, Smoking Room, and some cabins. Finally, around 2:20, the great TITANIC took the final plunge leaving over 1,500 dead and survivors in small boats in the vast ocean. The TITANIC's bow section hit the bottom
bow first crushing the bottom tip and twisting the shape. The stern had air pockets not filling all the way and imploded on the way down and left a wreck that looked like a bomb exploded inside. Next came a slow rain of things that fell out. Only one survivor is still living today.

5th Officer Lowe

Harold Godfrey Lowe was born on November 21, 1882 in Cowny, North Wales, England. His father was a respectable business man and had high hopes for him and his other five brothers and their hoped his two sisters would marry respectable husbands. Instead, Harold went to sea at age 14.

He was cabin boy on a vessel traveling around South Africa and slowly rose in rank. He passed his second mate test in 1906 and first mate test in 1908. Then, in 1911, got his master. He joined the White Star Line in 1911 and was 3rd officer on the Belgic and the Tropic.

He was demoted to 5th officer on the TITANIC. He was asleep when the iceberg struck and when defending himself before the inquiry, he said, "We officers do not have any too much sleep, and therefore when we sleep, we die." He woke up half an hour later. While loading the lifeboats, Mr. Ismay was encouraging others to get into the lifeboats when he got in the way of Lowe and Lowe blessed him out. He took charge of Boat No. 14 when it was being lowered, he fired shots into the air because he saw some men whom looked like they were about to jump. After the great ship went down, Lowe waited until the cries for help died down and then he went towards the people where most of them were dead already.

He picked up 4 survivors and then saw a man on a door that was Japanese. He later said : "A little further on, we saw a floating door that must have been torn loose when the ship went down. Lying upon it, face downward, was a small Japanese. He had lashed himself with a rope to his frail raft, using the broken hinges to make the knots secure. As far as we could see, he was dead. The sea washed over him every time the door bobbed up and down, and he was frozen stiff. He did not answer when he was hailed, and the officer hesitated about trying to save him.
"What's the use?" said Mr Lowe. He's dead, likely, and if he isn't there's others better worth saving than a Jap!"
He had actually turned our boat around; but he changed his mind and went back. The Japanese was hauled on board, and one of the women rubbed his chest, while others chafed his hands and feet. In less time than it takes to tell, he opened his eyes. He spoke to us in his own tongue; then, seeing that we did not understand, he struggled to his feet, stretched his arms above his head, stamped his feet, and in five minutes or so had almost recovered his strength. One of the sailors near to him was so tired that he could hardly pull his oar. The Japanese bustled over, pushed him from his seat, took the oar and worked like a hero until we were finally picked up. I saw Mr Lowe watching him in open-mouthed surprise.
"By Jove!" muttered the officer. "I'm ashamed of what I said about the little blighter. I'd save the likes o' him six times over, if I got the chance." He cried out to the guy but he didn't respond. He hauled him on and after reviving him, the man grabbed an oar and stayed there until they reached the Carpathia. One of the men that he rescued, died of exposure during the boat ride and did not survive the night.

Officer Lowe later married Emily White House and they had two children, Harold and Florence. He served as commander during WW1 and then retired from the sea. He died in 1944.